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All Publications By Date

34 Publications Found in 1995

Added November 01, 1995
Type: Book
Strategic Implications for the United states and Latin America of the 1995 Ecuador-Peru War
Authored by Dr. Gabriel Marcella.
The territorial dispute between Ecuador and Peru broke out into war in 1995. Monograph explores historical dimensions and argues that unless the conflict is settled amicably and soon, it could well generate a more disastrous war in the future. Provides specific policy recommendations.
Added November 01, 1995
Type: Book
Deciphering the Balkan Enigma: Using History to Inform Policy
Authored by Dr. William T. Johnsen.
After having been fueled by the events of the distant and recent past, the current wars in the former Yugoslavia finally may be grinding to a halt. An understanding of that past, and of how history and myth combine to influence the present and help to define the future in the Balkans, is no less relevant today than it was two years ago when the original version of this monograph was published.
Added October 01, 1995
Type: Book
Yugoslavia's Wars: The Problem from Hell
Edited by Dr. Stephen J. Blank.
The continuing warfare in the former Yugoslavia looms as one of the most intractable problems in contemporary world politics. For four years the international community has struggled merely to contain this fire and prevent it from inflaming a general European crisis.
Added October 01, 1995
Type: Book
Strategic Art: The New Discipline for 21st Century Leaders
Authored by Lieutenant General (USA, Ret) Richard A. Chilcoat.
Strategic art, broadly defined, is therefore: The skillful formulation, coordination, and application of end (objectives), ways (courses of action), and means (supporting resources) to promote and defend the national interests.
Added October 01, 1995
Type: Book
Strategic Plans, Joint Doctrine and Antipodean Insights
Authored by Professor Douglas C. Lovelace, Jr., Dr. Thomas-Durell Young.
The common view is that doctrine persists over a broader time frame than planning and that the latter draws on the former for context, syntax, even format. In truth the very process of planning shapes new ways of military action. The authors explore the relationship between strategic planning and doctrine at the joint level.
Added September 01, 1995
Type: Book
A Theory of Fundamentalism: An Inquiry into the Origin and Development of the Movement
Authored by Dr. Stephen C. Pelletiere.
Islamic fundamentalism is growing at such a rapid rate that many believe it threatens to take over the Middle East. To prevent this, enormous resources have been summoned, not only from within the region, but in the West as well. The author concludes by building a theory about fundamentalism, which implies a need to redirect policy for coping with it. Dr. Pelletiere maintains that the solution is not to try to crush the movement--that has been attempted numerous times and consistently has failed.
Added September 01, 1995
Type: Book
U.S. Department of Defense Strategic Planning: The Missing Nexus
Authored by Professor Douglas C. Lovelace, Jr., Dr. Thomas-Durell Young.
The authors define a formal strategic plan: one that contains specific strategic objectives, offers a clear and executable strategy for achieving objectives, illuminates force capability requirements, and is harmonized with the Future Years Defense Program. They conclude by examining three alternatives to improve the strategic planning processes and to facilitate efficient development of strategic plans.
Added September 01, 1995
Type: Monograph
Mexico and the Future
Authored by Dr. Donald E. Schulz.
Until the Zapatista National Liberation Army burst upon the scene in 1994, Mexico's future seemed assured. This paper reassesses prevailing assumptions about Mexico's security and looks at the prospects for democratization, socio-economic development, and U.S.-Mexican relations.
Added August 01, 1995
Type: Book
U.S. Policy in the Balkans: A Hobson's Choice
Authored by Dr. Stephen J. Blank, Dr. William T. Johnsen, Dr. Earl H. Tilford, Jr..
At this writing, the strategic balance may have shifted in the ongoing war in the former Yugoslavia, and the region could be on the verge of a settlement. But, the "window of opportunity" may be fleeting, and the failures and frustrations of the past four years temper any optimism that conflict in the former Yugoslavia will end quickly or completely.
Added August 01, 1995
Type: Book
Russian Defense Legislation and Russian Democracy
Authored by Dr. Stephen J. Blank.
As recent events demonstrate, Russia's political system has yet to stabilize. This is particularly the case with civil-military relations for, as the course of the Chechnya invasion reveals, control by the government over the military is erratic and the military is all too often politicized.
Added August 01, 1995
Type: Monograph
The Principles of War in the 21st Century: Strategic Considerations
Authored by Dr. Steven Metz, Professor Douglas C. Lovelace, Jr., Dr. Douglas V. Johnson, II, Dr. William T. Johnsen, LTC James Kievit.
For nearly two centuries, the principles of war have guided practitioners of the military art. During the last 55 years the principles of war have been a key element of U.S. Army doctrine, and recently they have been incorporated into other Service and Joint doctrines. The turn of the 21st century and the dawn of what some herald as the "Information Age," however, may call into question whether principles originally derived in the 19th century and based on the experience of "Industrial Age" armed forces still hold. Moreover, despite their long existence, the applicability of the principles of war at the strategic level of warfare has not been the subject of detailed analysis or assessment.
Added June 01, 1995
Type: Book
The Fog of Peace: The Military Dimensions of the Concert of Europe
Authored by Dr. Daniel Moran.
Last April the Army War College held its Sixth Annual Strategy Conference. The theme of this year's Conference, "Strategy During the Lean Years: Learning From the Past and the Present," brought together scholars, serving and retired officers, and civilian defense officials from the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom to discuss strategy formulation in times of penury from Tacitus to Force XXI.
Added June 01, 1995
Type: Book
Strategy and the Revolution in Military Affairs: From Theory to Policy
Authored by LTC James Kievit, Dr. Steven Metz.
A small band of "RMA" analysts has emerged in the military and Department of Defense, in the academic strategic studies community, and in defense-related think-tanks and consulting firms. To these analysts, the Gulf War provided a vision of a potential revolution in military affairs (RMA) in which Information Age technology would be combined with appropriate doctrine and training to allow a small but very advanced U.S. military to protect national interests with unprecedented efficiency.
Added June 01, 1995
Type: Book
Time's Cycle and National Military Strategy: The Case for Continuity in a Time of Change
Authored by Dr. David Jablonsky.
Every April the Army War College's Strategic Studies Institute hosts its Annual Strategy Conference. This year's theme, "Strategy During the Lean Years: Learning from the Past and the Present," brought together scholars, serving and retired officers, and civilian defense officials from the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom to discuss strategy formulation during times of penury from Tacitus to Force XXI.
Added June 01, 1995
Type: Book
The Technological Fix: Weapons and the Cost of War
Authored by Dr. Alex Roland.
Indirectly, any military institute operates within its technology context. The Army of today is, for instance, in a period of technological transition from an Industrial Age army to an Information Age army. A tremendous faith in technology is an abiding American characteristic.
Added June 01, 1995
Type: Monograph
The Revolution in Military Affairs: Prospects and Cautions
Authored by Dr. Earl H. Tilford, Jr..
RMAs are driven by more than breakthrough technologies, and while the technological component is important, a true revolution in the way military institutions organize, equip and train for war, and in the way war is itself conducted, depends on the confluence of political, social, and technological factors.
Added May 01, 1995
Type: Book
Canada, Getting It Right This Time the 1994 Defence White Paper
Authored by Dr. Joel J. Sokolsky.
Since the end of the Cold War, Ottawa has adopted a strategy of choice derived from Canadian national interests. The document upon which Canada bases its defense policy is the 1994 Canadian White Paper. Dr. Sokolsky maintains, the current White Paper also allows for a general commitment to multilateral approaches to security.
Added May 01, 1995
Type: Book
The European Union's Common Foreign and Security Policy: Central issues . . . Key Players
Authored by Dr. Fraser Cameron, Roy Ginsberg, Mr. Josef Janning.
The role of the European Union (EU) as a key international economic player is both highly developed and widely recognized. The Union's profile as an international political actor is much more limited, even though its activities are considerable.
Added May 01, 1995
Type: Book
Reform and the Revolution in Russian Defense Economics
Authored by Dr. Stephen J. Blank.
As Russia's invasion of Chechnya shows, the Russian armed forces are suffering from tremendous shortages of capable leaders and soldiers. These problems, among others, relate directly to the shortage of funds for the military. Yet Russia cannot afford to spend more than it is now spending on the armed forces.
Added May 01, 1995
Type: Book
Terrorism: National Security Policy and the Home Front
Authored by Dr. Stephen C. Pelletiere.
The recent bombing of the Federal Building in Oklahoma has highlighted the complexity of the phenomenon of political extremism. Until this occurred, inside the United States foreign terrorists were the focus of attention, particularly the so-called Islamic fundamentalists. Undue emphasis on the "foreign connection" can make it appear that only Middle Eastern terror is of consequence. The Strategic Studies Institute (SSI) has long resisted this approach.
Added May 01, 1995
Type: Monograph
Mexico in Crisis
Authored by Dr. Donald E. Schulz.
Author argues that the United States has few foreign policy concerns more profoundly consequential for its national interests and security than Mexico. Therefore, it is important to understand the nature of the Mexican crisis that has been emerging since late 1970s.
Added May 01, 1995
Type: Monograph
NATO Strategy in the 1990s: Reaping the Peace Dividend or the Whirlwind?
Authored by Dr. William T. Johnsen.
The 1991 the Strategic Concept represents NATO's response to the dramatically changed security environment in Europe, and the intense desire to reap the resultant "peace dividend." The Strategic Concept dramatically expands the scope of the Alliance's security objectives and functions, takes NATO "out of area," and lays the foundation for massive forces cuts, as well as for a fundamental restructuring of Alliance military forces and command structures.
Added May 01, 1995
Type: Monograph
Making Do with Less, or Coping with Upton's Ghost
Authored by Dr. Eliot A. Cohen.
Each April the Strategic Studies Institute hosts a conference that addresses key strategic issues facing the Armed Forces and the Nation. This year's theme, "Strategy During the Lean Years: Learning from the Past and the Present," brought together scholars, serving and retired military officers, and civilian defense officials from the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom to discuss strategy formulation in times of penury from Tacitus to Force XXI.
Added April 01, 1995
Type: Book
Strategic Implications of the U.S.-DPRK Framework Agreement
Authored by Dr. Thomas L. Wilborn.
The United States and the Democratic People s Republic of Korea (DPRK) signed an unprecedented framework agreement in October 1994 to halt the latter s nuclear weapons program, establish low-level diplomatic contacts between Washington and Pyongyang, and reduce tensions on the Korean peninsula.
Added April 01, 1995
Type: Book
Ready For What and Modernized Against Whom?: A Strategic Perspective on Readiness and Modernization
Authored by Dr. Jeffrey Record.
The U.S. military continues to prepare for large-scale inter-state warfare even though intra-state conflict is the primary source of violence in the post-Soviet era. Conventional "Cold War" force structures are of limited utility against irregular adversaries operating on their own territory. Accordingly, selected conventional force modernization programs should be reexamined and new force structures considered.
Added April 01, 1995
Type: Book
American Civil-Military Relations: New Issues, Enduring Problems
Authored by Dr. Douglas V. Johnson, II, Dr. Steven Metz.
The authors were invited to prepare a paper for a conference on Civil-Military Relations in the fall, 1994. That paper was translated into an article for the Winter, 1995 edition of The Washington Quarterly under the title "Civil-Military Relations in the United States: The State of the Debate." Although the intensity of interest in this subject has fallen from the front pages of the newspapers, the authors have here suggested that the debate needs to continue and that it should start with identification of the right questions.
Added March 01, 1995
Type: Book
The Army in the Information Age
Authored by General Gordon R. Sullivan, Lieutenant Colonel Anthony M. Coroalles.
They provide insights into three critical areas: the operational environment; the emergence of simultaneity as a unifying concept in Information Age warfare; and, changes that must take place in the planning environment. The authors suggest that the challenge today is to determine what array of capabilities may be needed to perform a broader range of requirements.
Added March 01, 1995
Type: Book
The National Security Strategy: Documenting Strategic Vision Second Edition
Authored by Dr. Don M. Snider.
The Goldwater-Nichols Defense Reorganization Act requires the President to submit an annual report on the National Security Strategy. In theory, a formal presentation of grand strategy was intended to lend coherence to the budgeting process; a clear statement of interests, objectives, and concepts for achieving them gave Congress a clear idea of the resources required to support the President's strategy.
Added March 01, 1995
Type: Monograph
Energy, Economics, and Security in Central Asia: Russia and Its Rivals
Authored by Dr. Stephen J. Blank.
The collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 led to the creation of five new states in Central Asia. These states: Kazkahstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Kyrgyzstan, have become both the object of international rivalries in Central Asia and the sources of new political forces as they act to enlarge their independence in world politics.
Added March 01, 1995
Type: Monograph
Counterforce and Theater Missile Defense: Can the Army Use an ASW Approach to the SCUD Hunt?
Authored by Dr. James J. Wirtz.
The Gulf War demonstrated that theater missile defense (TMD) will be an important mission for the U.S. Army and its Patriot defense system in the years ahead. The author suggests that Army planners should view TMD not just as a simple tactical problem, but as an exercise that has important political and strategic ramifications that cut to the core of U.S. efforts to create and maintain international coalitions.
Added February 01, 1995
Type: Book
World View: The 1995 Strategic Assessment from the Strategic Studies Institute
Edited by Dr. Earl H. Tilford, Jr..
Every year the analysts at the Strategic Studies Institute (SSI) prepare current assessments for their particular areas of interest. These assessments become the bedrock of the annual SSI Study Program. This year's assessments are crucial given the complexities of the post-Cold War world. Russia remains an enigma wrapped in a riddle with Russian national interests very much paramount in the Kremlin's thinking.
Added February 01, 1995
Type: Book
Assad and the Peace Process: The Pivotal Role of Lebanon
Authored by Dr. Stephen C. Pelletiere.
This study shows how the Syrian was able to improve his originally weak position in the peace talks by exploiting crisis conditions in Lebanon. Assad's major weapon against the Israelis has been the guerrilla group Hizbollah. The author claims that the fact that a small group of guerrillas could have such an enormous impact in this international drama reveals changed power relations in the strategic Middle East.
Added February 01, 1995
Type: Book
The CFE Treaty: A Cold War Anachronism?
Authored by Dr. Jeffrey D. McCausland.
On November 19, 1990, the Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE) Treaty was signed in Paris following the successful completion of 20 months of negotiations between the members of NATO and the Warsaw Pact Treaty Organization. At its completion President Bush hailed the agreement as ending the" . . . military confrontation that has cursed Europe for decades."
Added February 01, 1995
Type: Monograph
Counterinsurgency: Strategy and the Phoenix of American Capability
Authored by Dr. Steven Metz.
Dr. Steven Metz argues that the way the Department of Defense and U.S. military spend the time when counterinsurgency support is not an important part of American national security strategy determines how quickly and easily they react when policymakers commit the nation to such activity. If analysis and debate continues, at least at a low level, the military is better prepared for the reconstitution of capabilities. If it ignores global developments in insurgency and counterinsurgency, the reconstitution of capabilities would be more difficult.
Added January 01, 1995
Type: Book
Russia's Invasion of Chechnya: A Preliminary Assessment
Authored by Dr. Stephen J. Blank, Dr. Earl H. Tilford, Jr..
On December 11, 1994, Russia invaded the secessionist republic of Chechnya in the North Caucasus. The aim was to suppress the republic's government, led by General Dzhokar Dudayev, compel it to accept Moscow's authority, and to force it to renounce its bid for independence and sovereignty.

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