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Publications Tagged: strategy

Known Unknowns: Unconventional "Strategic Sho... Cover Image
Added November 04, 2008
Known Unknowns: Unconventional "Strategic Shocks" in Defense Strategy Development. Authored by Mr. Nathan P. Freier.
Historically, defense strategy demonstrates three flaws: (1) it is generally reactive, (2) it lacks sufficient strategic imagination, and (3) as a result, it is vulnerable to surprise. The current administration confronted a game-changing “strategic shock” in its first 8 months in office. The next team would be well-advised to expect the same kind of unconventional and nonmilitary shock to DoD convention early in its first term.
U.S. Army War College Guide to National Security I... Cover Image
Added June 09, 2008
U.S. Army War College Guide to National Security Issues, Vol. I: Theory of War and Strategy, 3rd Edition. Edited by Dr. J. Boone Bartholomees, Jr.
Volume I of the U.S. Army War College Guide (USAWC) to National Security Issues corresponds roughly to one of the two core courses that the Department of National Security and Strategy (DNSS) teaches: “Theory of War and Strategy.”
U.S. Army War College Guide to National Security I... Cover Image
Added June 09, 2008
U.S. Army War College Guide to National Security Issues, Vol. II: National Security Policy and Strategy, 3rd Edition. Edited by Dr. J. Boone Bartholomees, Jr.
Volume II of the U.S. Army War College Guide (USAWC) to National Security Issues corresponds roughly to one of the two core courses that the Department of National Security and Strategy (DNSS) teaches: “National Security Policy and Strategy.”
COIN of the Realm: U.S. Counterinsurgency Strategy... Cover Image
Added January 10, 2008
COIN of the Realm: U.S. Counterinsurgency Strategy. Authored by Dr. Steven Metz, Ralph Wipfli.
Given the wide-ranging and deep impact of counterinsurgency, the participants in the "Future Defense Dilemmas" seminar conducted by The Brookings Institution and the Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, explored two key questions: (1) Is the United States pursuing and executing the right strategy? And (2) Does the military’s focus on counterinsurgency detract from other defense and security needs?
An Introduction to Theater Strategy and Regional S... Cover Image
Added August 16, 2007
An Introduction to Theater Strategy and Regional Security. Authored by Lieutenant Colonel Clarence J. Bouchat (USAF, Ret.).
Theater strategy and theater security cooperation (TSC) are two of the most important tools available in attaining national security. This paper explains what theater strategy is, its basis, how it is formulated, and how it is executed with emphasis on theater security cooperation.
Alliances and American National Security... Cover Image
Added November 01, 2006
Alliances and American National Security. Authored by Dr. Elizabeth Sherwood-Randall.
In this era of American predominance, alliances are more compelling than ever. The United States needs allies to generate capabilities that amplify its power, create a basis of legitimacy for the exercise of its power, avert impulses to counterbalance its power, and steer partners away from strategic apathy or excessive self-reliance.
U.S. Army War College Guide to National Security P... Cover Image
Added June 16, 2006
U.S. Army War College Guide to National Security Policy and Strategy, 2nd Edition. Edited by Dr. J. Boone Bartholomees, Jr.
This edition of the U. S. Army War College Guide to National Security Policy and Strategy reflects both the method and manner the college uses to teach strategy formulation to America’s future senior leaders. It contains essays on the general security environment, strategic thought and formulation, the elements of national power, the national security policymaking process in the United States, and selected strategic issues.
Planning For and Applying Military Force: An Exami... Cover Image
Added March 01, 2006
Planning For and Applying Military Force: An Examination of Terms. Authored by Lieutenant General (USMC Ret) Paul K Van Riper.
Joint doctrine is currently undergoing some potentially major revisions. The author asks the doctrine community to take a step back from the process of change and take a hard look at the differences between the original concepts and the proposed revisions.
Strategic Theory for the 21st Century: The Little ... Cover Image
Added February 01, 2006
Strategic Theory for the 21st Century: The Little Book on Big Strategy. Authored by Dr. Harry R Yarger.
Strategy is often used as a general term for a plan, a concept, a course of action, or a "vision" of the direction in which to proceed at the personal, organizational, and governmental—local, state, or federal—levels. Such casual use of the term reduces strategy to just a good idea without the necessary underlying thought or development. What is the true meaning of strategy?
Precedents, Variables, and Options in Planning a U... Cover Image
Added October 01, 2005
Precedents, Variables, and Options in Planning a U.S. Military Disengagement Strategy from Iraq. Authored by Dr. W. Andrew Terrill, Dr. Conrad C. Crane.
The questions of how to empower the Iraqis most effectively and then progressively withdraw non-Iraqi forces from that country is one of the most important policy problems currently facing the United States. The authors seek to present the U.S. situation in Iraq in all of its complexity and ambiguity, with policy recommendations for how that withdrawal strategy might be most effectively implemented.
Agile Leaders, Agile Institutions: Educating Adapt... Cover Image
Added August 01, 2005
Agile Leaders, Agile Institutions: Educating Adaptive and Innovative Leaders for Today and Tomorrow. Authored by LTC Christopher P Gehler.
This paper examines the new strategic reality and its implications on our officers' professional military education, as well as the concepts of individual and organizational agility, specifically investigating adaptability, innovation, and learning. The author recommends a model to develop agile leaders, while making the institutional system more agile as well.
North Korea's Strategic Intentions... Cover Image
Added July 01, 2005
North Korea's Strategic Intentions. Authored by Dr. Andrew Scobell.
North Korea poses a key challenge to the global community of states. Sometimes viewed as primarily a nuclear or proliferation challenge, Pyongyang actually presents the United States and other countries with multiple problems. As the 2005 National Defense Strategy of the United States notes, these challenges include "traditional, irregular, and catastrophic." While each dimension of these threat capabilities are fairly clear and, with the exception of the third, readily documented, North Korea's intentions are a much more controversial subject upon which specialists reach widely disparate conclusions.
American Grand Strategy After 9/11: An Assessment... Cover Image
Added April 01, 2005
American Grand Strategy After 9/11: An Assessment. Authored by Dr. Stephen D. Biddle.
Three years after 9-11, some of the most important choices for American grand strategy have yet to be made. Heretofore, the costs of pursuing ambitious but ill-defined goals have been high but tolerable; the Iraqi insurgency, however, is raising the costs to the point where choices must be made. The two natural alternatives, rollback and containment, each have strengths. But they also have real drawbacks--and the choice between them rests on some basic, and inherently subjective, value judgments.
The U.S.-India Relationship: Strategic Partnership... Cover Image
Added February 01, 2005
The U.S.-India Relationship: Strategic Partnership or Complementary Interests? Authored by Dr. Amit Gupta.
This monograph discusses the potential for U.S.-India security cooperation and the possible avenues such cooperation may take.
U.S. Army War College Guide to National Security P... Cover Image
Added July 01, 2004
U.S. Army War College Guide to National Security Policy and Strategy, 1st Edition. Edited by Dr. J. Boone Bartholomees, Jr.
This book provides a basic examination of strategy and the national security policymaking environment and process. It reflects both the method and manner the U.S. Army War College uses to teach strategy formulation to America's future senior leaders.
Learning from the Stones: A <em>Go</em> Approach t... Cover Image
Added May 01, 2004
Learning from the Stones: A Go Approach to Mastering China's Strategic Concept, Shi. Authored by Dr. David Lai.
The author introduces a new approach to learning about the different ways of strategic thinking and interaction in Chinese culture. It is through learning the Chinese board game called go,that is a living reflection of Chinese philosophy, culture, strategic thinking, warfare, military tactics, and diplomatic bargaining. The author suggests that a little knowledge of go will take U.S. leaders a long way in understanding the essence of the Chinese way of war and diplomacy.
Strategic Leadership Competencies... Cover Image
Added September 01, 2003
Strategic Leadership Competencies. Authored by Dr. Leonard Wong, Dr. Stephen J. Gerras, COL William Kidd, COL Robert Pricone, COL Richard Swengros.
The strategic leadership literature is replete with long lists of the knowledge, skills, and abilities. Looking across the literature on strategic leadership, current Army strategic leader competencies, and the future environment, six meta-competencies can be derived: identity, mental agility, cross-cultural savvy, interpersonal maturity, world-class warrior, and professional astuteness.
Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff's Leadership Using ... Cover Image
Added June 01, 2003
Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff's Leadership Using the Joint Strategic Planning System in the 1990s: Recommendations for Strategic Leaders. Authored by Dr. Richard M. Meinhart.
The author examines how three Chairmen--Generals Powell, Shalikashvili, and Shelton--adapted and used strategic planning to provide direction and shape the military in the rapidly changing strategic environment of the 1990s. He identifies five broad recommendations relevant to future leaders on how to use a strategic planning system to transform their organizations.
Waging Ancient War: Limits on Preemptive Force... Cover Image
Added February 01, 2003
Waging Ancient War: Limits on Preemptive Force. Authored by Dr. D. Robert Worley.
The author addresses the ways that the age of terrorism is affecting American grand strategy. He contends that terrorism has made many of the basic concepts of international relations and national security obsolete. Declaring war on a tactic—terrorism—erodes the clarity necessary for coherent strategy.
The Bases of French Peace Operations Doctrine: Pro... Cover Image
Added September 01, 2002
The Bases of French Peace Operations Doctrine: Problematical Scope of France's Military Engagements within the U.N. or NATO Framework. Authored by Mr. Joseph Philippe Gregoire.
France believes that external threats to its vital and important interests spring more from potential instability on the periphery of Europe than from rival European powers. France has modified its military doctrine to reflect this strategic calculus, and France's conception of peace operations reflects this doctrinal change.
Facing the Hydra: Maintaining Strategic Balance wh... Cover Image
Added May 01, 2002
Facing the Hydra: Maintaining Strategic Balance while Pursuing a Global War against Terrorism. Authored by Dr. Conrad C. Crane.
The author analyzes the impact of the war on terrorism and the requirements of the 2001 Quadrennial Defense Review on the many essential missions conducted by the U.S. Armed Forces. Focusing primarily on the Army, he highlights the requirements associated with combat operations against terrorists, accelerating transformation and the new emphasis on homeland security and force protection.
The Intervention Debate: Towards a Posture of Prin... Cover Image
Added January 01, 2002
The Intervention Debate: Towards a Posture of Principled Judgment. Authored by Dr. John Garofano.
The 1990s showed the extremes of deciding when and how to use force, one of the central elements of strategy. Debate has raged over whether force is appropriate only in defense of the homeland and vital national interests or whether it should also be used to promote more expansive objectives. He concludes with a discussion of Army roles and requirements for future contingencies.
Transforming Defense an Era of Peace and Prosperit... Cover Image
Added December 01, 2001
Transforming Defense an Era of Peace and Prosperity. Edited by Dr. Conrad C. Crane.
The ideas and issues presented in this collection of papers from the Twelfth Annual Strategy Conference conducted by the U.S. Army War College in April 2001 will educate and inform anyone interested in the past and future course of American defense reform.
The Regional Security Crisis in the Andes: Pattern... Cover Image
Added June 01, 2001
The Regional Security Crisis in the Andes: Patterns of State Response. Authored by Dr. Judith A. Gentleman.
The instability, corruption, displacement of people, and violence generated by Colombia s unholy trinity of narcotics traffickers, insurgents, and paramilitaries is spilling over into virtually all of northern South America and Panama. The author outlines some of the detail and implications of the regional security crisis in the Andes and makes recommendations for U.S. civil-military involvement in the hemispheric security arena. She specifically argues for the U.S. military to build stronger and more cooperative security relationships within the circle of affected states around Colombia.
U.S. Army War College Guide to Strategy... Cover Image
Added February 01, 2001
U.S. Army War College Guide to Strategy. Edited by Dr. Joseph R. Cerami, Colonel James F. Holcomb, Jr..
The purpose of this volume is to present the USAWC strategy formulation model to students and practitioners - an approach which we have found to be useful in providing generations of strategists with the conceptual tools to think systematically, strategically, critically, creatively, and big. Balancing ends, ways, and means.
Alternative National Military Strategies for the U... Cover Image
Added December 01, 2000
Alternative National Military Strategies for the United States. Authored by Dr. Conrad C. Crane.
The Strategic Studies Institute of the U.S. Army War College and the Georgetown University Center for Peace and Security Studies convened a conference on "Alternative Military Strategies for the United States" to highlight the key issues that will have to be analyzed by the QDR and the new administration's security planning. This report summarizes the presentations from a distinguished group of patrons.
Organizing for National Security... Cover Image
Added November 01, 2000
Organizing for National Security. Edited by Dr. Douglas Stuart.
In order for institutional reform to succeed, it will have to be guided by a coherent and compelling national strategy, which must, in turn, be anchored in widely-accepted national interests.
". . . to insure domestic Tranquility, provid... Cover Image
Added September 01, 2000
". . . to insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense . . .". Edited by Dr. Max G. Manwaring.
On April 11-13, 2000, the U.S. Army War College Strategic Studies Institute sponsored a major conference that examined what the Department of Defense must do "to insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence . . ., given the increasing contemporary threats to the U.S. homeland. This book highlights the issues and themes that ran through the conference.
American Strategy: Issues and Alternatives for the... Cover Image
Added September 01, 2000
American Strategy: Issues and Alternatives for the Quadrennial Defense Review. Authored by Dr. Steven Metz.
The combination of a congressionally-mandated Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR), a change of presidents, and shifts in the global security environment will force or allow American strategists to rethink some of the basic elements of U.S. strategy and decide if any changes need to be made.
Challenging the United States Symmetrically and As... Cover Image
Added July 01, 1998
Challenging the United States Symmetrically and Asymmetrically: Can America be Defeated? Authored by Colonel Lloyd J. Matthews, USA Ret..
The U.S. Army War College s Ninth Annual Strategy Conference was held at Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania, during the period March 31-April 2, 1998. The theme of the conference was Challenging the United States Symmetrically and Asymmetrically: Can America Be Defeated?
Halt Phase Strategy: New Wine in Old Skins . . . w... Cover Image
Added July 01, 1998
Halt Phase Strategy: New Wine in Old Skins . . . with Powerpoint. Authored by Dr. Earl H. Tilford, Jr..
Analyzes the Halt Phase Strategy/Doctrine currently advocated by the Air Force. As a part of his analysis, the author traces the immediate origins of Report of the Quadrennial Defense Review. Dr. Tilford contends, however, that Halt's real origins are more closely identified with intrinsic Air Force strategic bombing doctrine, and are to be found in strategies associated with atomic and nuclear deterrence and warfighting.
Five-Dimensional (Cyber) Warfighting: Can the Army... Cover Image
Added March 01, 1998
Five-Dimensional (Cyber) Warfighting: Can the Army After Next be Defeated Through Complex Concepts and Technologies? Authored by Dr. Robert J. Bunker.
The theme for the U.S. Army War College's Ninth Annual Strategy Conference (April 1998) is "Challenging the United States Symmetrically and Asymmetrically: Can America Be Defeated?" Dr. Robert J. Bunker of California State University, San Bernardino, answers the question with an emphatic "yes."
The United States and Russia into the 21st Century... Cover Image
Added October 01, 1997
The United States and Russia into the 21st Century. Authored by Dr. R. Craig Nation, Dr. Michael McFaul.
In late April 1997, the U.S. Army War College's Strategic Studies Institute hosted its Eighth Annual Strategy Conference. The topic for this year's conference was Russia's Future as a World Power. The concluding panel for this conference, The United States and Russia into the 21st Century, included the following two papers.
Traditional Military Thinking and the Defensive St... Cover Image
Added August 01, 1997
Traditional Military Thinking and the Defensive Strategy of China. Authored by Lieutenant General Li Jijun. Edited by Dr. Earl H. Tilford, Jr..
On July 15, 1997, the U.S. Army War College hosted a delegation from the Chinese Academy of Military Science. A speech was delivered to the U.S. Army War College Corresponding Studies Class of 1997 by the Chinese delegation's leader, Lieutenant General Li Jijun. General Li graciously agreed to the publication of his address.
The Crisis in the Russian Economy... Cover Image
Added June 01, 1997
The Crisis in the Russian Economy. Authored by Dr. Vitaly V. Shlykov.
Retired Soviet Army Colonel Vitaly Shlykov presents a brutally honest appraisal of the harsh realities that are a part of today's Russia. This report was presented at the Army War College's Eighth Annual Strategy Conference, "Russia's Future as a World Power," held at Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania, April 22-24, 1997. Colonel Shlykov's paper is even more sobering when one considers that the October Revolution of 1917 began in the bread lines of Petrograd and Moscow.
The Russian Military in the 21st Century... Cover Image
Added June 01, 1997
The Russian Military in the 21st Century. Authored by Dr. Alexei G. Arbatov.
In April 1997, the U.S. Army War College held its Eighth Annual Strategy Conference, the topic of which was "Russia's Future as a World Power." Most of the speakers discussed various aspects of the many crises besetting Russia, and there were differing views on whether Russia would be able to surmount those crises and make the transition to a politically stable democracy and a market economy.
Federal Budget Policy and Defense Strategy... Cover Image
Added February 01, 1996
Federal Budget Policy and Defense Strategy. Authored by Dr. Dennis S. Ippolito.
Underlying his message is an unsettling truth, that no matter how the current debate over balancing the budget turns out, future cases for the Army Budget are going to have to be made in an even more challenging spending environment as discretionary spending margins shrink.
Strategic Art: The New Discipline for 21st Century... Cover Image
Added October 01, 1995
Strategic Art: The New Discipline for 21st Century Leaders. Authored by Lieutenant General (USA, Ret) Richard A. Chilcoat.
Strategic art, broadly defined, is therefore: The skillful formulation, coordination, and application of end (objectives), ways (courses of action), and means (supporting resources) to promote and defend the national interests.
The Fog of Peace: The Military Dimensions of the C... Cover Image
Added June 01, 1995
The Fog of Peace: The Military Dimensions of the Concert of Europe. Authored by Dr. Daniel Moran.
Last April the Army War College held its Sixth Annual Strategy Conference. The theme of this year's Conference, "Strategy During the Lean Years: Learning From the Past and the Present," brought together scholars, serving and retired officers, and civilian defense officials from the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom to discuss strategy formulation in times of penury from Tacitus to Force XXI.
Time's Cycle and National Military Strategy: The C... Cover Image
Added June 01, 1995
Time's Cycle and National Military Strategy: The Case for Continuity in a Time of Change. Authored by Dr. David Jablonsky.
Every April the Army War College's Strategic Studies Institute hosts its Annual Strategy Conference. This year's theme, "Strategy During the Lean Years: Learning from the Past and the Present," brought together scholars, serving and retired officers, and civilian defense officials from the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom to discuss strategy formulation during times of penury from Tacitus to Force XXI.
The Technological Fix: Weapons and the Cost of War... Cover Image
Added June 01, 1995
The Technological Fix: Weapons and the Cost of War. Authored by Dr. Alex Roland.
Indirectly, any military institute operates within its technology context. The Army of today is, for instance, in a period of technological transition from an Industrial Age army to an Information Age army. A tremendous faith in technology is an abiding American characteristic.
Ready For What and Modernized Against Whom?: A Str... Cover Image
Added April 01, 1995
Ready For What and Modernized Against Whom?: A Strategic Perspective on Readiness and Modernization. Authored by Dr. Jeffrey Record.
The U.S. military continues to prepare for large-scale inter-state warfare even though intra-state conflict is the primary source of violence in the post-Soviet era. Conventional "Cold War" force structures are of limited utility against irregular adversaries operating on their own territory. Accordingly, selected conventional force modernization programs should be reexamined and new force structures considered.
The National Security Strategy: Documenting Strate... Cover Image
Added March 01, 1995
The National Security Strategy: Documenting Strategic Vision Second Edition. Authored by Dr. Don M. Snider.
The Goldwater-Nichols Defense Reorganization Act requires the President to submit an annual report on the National Security Strategy. In theory, a formal presentation of grand strategy was intended to lend coherence to the budgeting process; a clear statement of interests, objectives, and concepts for achieving them gave Congress a clear idea of the resources required to support the President's strategy.
Another View of the Revolution in Military Affairs... Cover Image
Added July 01, 1994
Another View of the Revolution in Military Affairs. Authored by Mr. Jeffrey R. Cooper.
He urges defense planners to determine what strategic--as opposed to operational-- benefits might be derived from the RMA. He contends that making the internal reforms that will be required will be as challenging as coming to terms with the operational and strategic implications of the new technologies.
Responding to Terrorism across the Technological S... Cover Image
Added July 01, 1994
Responding to Terrorism across the Technological Spectrum. Authored by Dr. Bruce Hoffman.
In April 1994, the Army War College's Strategic Studies Institute held its annual Strategy Conference. This year's theme was "The Revolution in Military Affairs: Defining an Army for the 21st Century." Dr. Bruce Hoffman presented this paper as part of a panel examining "New Technologies and New Threats." Terrorism, of course, is not new. Hoffman warns, however, of the changing nature of terrorism. In the past, terrorists have been motivated by limited political and ideological objectives.
Two Historians in Technology and War... Cover Image
Added July 01, 1994
Two Historians in Technology and War. Authored by Dr. John F. Guilmartin, Jr., Sir Michael Howard.
Their personal experience with warfare is expressed eloquently in the following pages as they make the point that war is, as Carl von Clausewitz defined it nearly 200 years ago, a distinctly human endeavor.
The Revolution in Military Affairs: A Framework fo... Cover Image
Added June 01, 1994
The Revolution in Military Affairs: A Framework for Defense Planning. Authored by Dr. Michael J. Mazarr.
Dr. Michael J. Mazarr argues that the current revolution in military affairs is part of a larger sociopolitical transformation. The new technologies both propelling and resulting from this transformation are having a profound impact on warfare. Dr. Mazarr urges military and civilian strategists, planners, and decisionmakers to think about armed conflict in ways so novel that those used to dealing
Strategy, Forces and Budgets: Dominant Influences ... Cover Image
Added February 01, 1993
Strategy, Forces and Budgets: Dominant Influences in Executive Decision Making, Post-Cold War, 1989-91. Authored by Dr. Don M. Snider.
The monograph illuminates the critical series of events that resulted in the development of the National Military Strategy of the United States and the "base force."