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Publications Tagged: colombia

Colombia and the United States--The Partnership: B... Cover Image
Added March 12, 2007
Colombia and the United States--The Partnership: But What Is the Endgame? Authored by Ambassador Myles R. R. Frechette.
The United States has provided a considerable amount of economic, police, judicial, and military assistance to the American-Colombian strategic partnership since Plan Colombia. But much work looms ahead to eliminate the threats to state authority—the terrorism and the drug trafficking that nurture so much violence and corruption. These threats continue as the producers have learned how to outwit government counternarcotics efforts.
U.S. Defense Strategy After Saddam... Cover Image
Added July 01, 2005
U.S. Defense Strategy After Saddam. Authored by Dr. Michael E. O'Hanlon.
What kind of military will the nation need in the future--and at what cost? The war on terror and the ongoing operations in Iraq and Afghanistan have forced upon this country soaring defense budgets and unprecedented challenges in policymaking.
Sustainability of Colombian Military/Strategic Sup... Cover Image
Added July 01, 2005
Sustainability of Colombian Military/Strategic Support for "Democratic Security". Authored by Dr. Thomas A. Marks.
At a time when counterinsurgency is again widely discussed, embattled Colombia has implemented a Democratic Security and Defense Policy that shows every sign of success against a complex narco-insurgency that has raged for four decades. The strategic initiative has been seized by acting upon the principle that personal security is the basis for state vitality.
The United States and Colombia: The Journey from A... Cover Image
Added May 01, 2003
The United States and Colombia: The Journey from Ambiguity to Strategic Clarity. Authored by Dr. Gabriel Marcella.
Paper identifies the strategic challenge to Colombia within the context of the weak state and ungoverned space, under attack from the violence and corruption generated bi international criminals, terrorists, and paramilitarism. Lessons learned will have powerful effects for the adaptation of American strategy to the conflict paradigm of 21st century.
Mapping Colombia: The Correlation between Land Dat... Cover Image
Added March 01, 2003
Mapping Colombia: The Correlation between Land Data and Strategy. Authored by Dr. Geoffrey Demarest.
The mapping of Colombian national territory, however, is fundamental to the problem of control of national territory. As a threshold matter, policy, strategy, and military asset management in contemporary conflict in virtually any unstable part of the world must deal with the problem of governance in "lawless areas."
Strategic Effects of Conflict with Iraq: Latin Ame... Cover Image
Added March 01, 2003
Strategic Effects of Conflict with Iraq: Latin America. Authored by Dr. Max G. Manwaring.
The author has been asked to analyze four issues: the position that key states in their region are taking on U.S. military action against Iraq; the role of America in the region after the war with Iraq; the nature of security partnerships in the region after the war with Iraq; and the effect that war with Iraq will have on the war on terrorism in the region.
Plan Colombia: Reality of the Colombian Crisis and... Cover Image
Added December 01, 2002
Plan Colombia: Reality of the Colombian Crisis and Implications for Hemispheric Security. Authored by Dr. Luz E. Nagle.
The author analyzes Colombia's problems and makes recommendations regarding what it will take to achieve stated U.S. and Colombian objectives in that crisis situation. She also examines the concomitant issue of "spillover" from the Colombian crisis into the rest of the Latin American region. The results and recommendations of this analysis go well beyond prescribing a simple military solution to the complex political-economic-social-moral-security issues of this 50-year-old war.
Colombia's Conflicts: The Spillover Effects of a W... Cover Image
Added October 01, 2002
Colombia's Conflicts: The Spillover Effects of a Wider War. Authored by Mr. Richard Millett.
It provides a careful examination of the so-called "spillover" problems generated by Colombia's three simultaneous wars against illegal drug traffickers, insurgents, and self-appointed paramilitary groups. All seek, in one way or another, violently to change or depose the state. All use the uncontrolled "gray areas" in Colombia and its neighboring states to sustain, conduct, and replenish their nefarious operations without risk of significant interference.
Colombian Army Adaptation to FARC Insurgency... Cover Image
Added January 01, 2002
Colombian Army Adaptation to FARC Insurgency. Authored by Dr. Thomas A. Marks.
The author points out that Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) insurgents actively are pursuing a strategy to mobilize the disaffected and disposed people of Colombia, and to control the entire national territory. At the same time, he argues that no one in the national political establishment has taken the initiative to conduct an appropriate effort to deny FARC its objective.
The Drug Scourge as a Hemispheric Problem... Cover Image
Added August 01, 2001
The Drug Scourge as a Hemispheric Problem. Authored by General Barry R. McCaffrey.
General Barry McCaffrey, USA (Retired) argues that Colombia s 40 million citizens must not be deserted by their neighbors. Leaving the Colombians to deal in isolation with a pervasive drug problem will deeply affect all 800 million of us in the Western Hemisphere through addiction, violence, and corruption. Moreover, he argues that the United States and the entire international community must supp
U.S. Security Policy in the Western Hemisphere: Wh... Cover Image
Added June 01, 2001
U.S. Security Policy in the Western Hemisphere: Why Colombia, Why Now, and What Is To Be Done? Authored by Dr. Max G. Manwaring.
In substantive U.S. national security terms, the author addresses the questions, Why Colombia, Why Now, and What Is To Be Done? He points out that the fragile democracy of Colombia is at risk, and that the violent spillover effects of three simultaneous wars pose a threat to the rest of the Western Hemisphere and the interdependent global community. He recommends an actionable political-military s
Plan Colombia: Some Differing Perspectives... Cover Image
Added June 01, 2001
Plan Colombia: Some Differing Perspectives. Authored by Dr. Gabriel Marcella, GEN (RET) Charles E. Wilhelm, Colombian General Alvaro Valencia Tovar, Dr. Ricardo Arias Calderon, Mr. Chris Marquis.
Contains introduction and four papers present distinct perspectives on the potential effectiveness of Plan Colombia. Co-authors include former Commander of US Southern Command, former Vice-President of Panama, a noted Colombian military intellectual, and New York Times correspondent.
The Search for Accountability and Transparency in ... Cover Image
Added May 01, 2001
The Search for Accountability and Transparency in PLAN COLOMBIA: Reforming Judicial Institutions--Again. Authored by Dr. Luz E. Nagle.
The author argues that confidence in an efficient, courageous and transparent judiciary goes to the very heart of the governability of Colombia, and that Plan Colombia does not address the root causes of Colombia's problems. These are weak government, inequality, absence of citizen participation, corruption and an ineffective legal system.
Plan Colombia: The View from the Presidential Pala... Cover Image
Added May 01, 2001
Plan Colombia: The View from the Presidential Palace. Authored by Mr. Eduardo Pizano.
The author, a former member of the Colombian Senate and now the General Secretary to the President of Colombia, discusses various misconceptions stemming from the uncertainty and confusion that permeated conference discussions involving U.S. policy in Colombia and the implementation of Plan Colombia. Finally, he argues that there are no cocksure short-term answers to Colombia s problems. What is c
European Perceptions of Plan Colombia: A Virtual C... Cover Image
Added May 01, 2001
European Perceptions of Plan Colombia: A Virtual Contribution to a Virtual War and Peace Plan? Authored by Dr. Joaquin Roy.
Europeans apparently do not approve of the seeming U.S. emphasis on providing military equipment and training to Colombia for a counternarcotics effort in what they see as a larger strategic political conflict. At the same time, he reports that Europeans are not only concerned with the counternarcotics violence in Colombia, but also with the economic, security, and political spillover effects for
U.S. Support of PLAN COLOMBIA: Rethinking the Ends... Cover Image
Added May 01, 2001
U.S. Support of PLAN COLOMBIA: Rethinking the Ends and Means. Authored by Dr. Stephen E. Flynn.
The author argues that the U.S. emphasis on drug control in its support of Plan Colombia is misguided and akin to prescribing an antibiotic regime to combat a disease not caused by bacteria or similar micro-organisms. The illegal drug industry in Colombia is not the cause of that country's fragile socio-political system, but a symptom of and a contributor to the fragility of the Colombian state.
Fighting the Hobbesian Trinity in Colombia: A New ... Cover Image
Added April 01, 2001
Fighting the Hobbesian Trinity in Colombia: A New Strategy for Peace. Authored by Colonel Joseph R. Nunez.
After introducing what he calls the Hobbesian trinity, the author discusses alternatives to intervention and notes the complexity of the human rights challenge. He suggests a new strategy for improving human security, government accountability, democratic reform, and peace prospects. The author argues that the current approach is heading the wrong way, moving away from peace and fomenting greater instability.
Plan Colombia: The Strategic and Operational Imper... Cover Image
Added April 01, 2001
Plan Colombia: The Strategic and Operational Imperatives. Authored by Dr. Gabriel Marcella.
Examines the strategic theory within Plan Colombia, the master plan which the government of Colombia developed to strengthen democracy through peace, security, and economic development. Recommends that the United States and the world community assist Colombia, but the sacrifices must be made collectively by Colombians.
The United States and Colombia: Untying the Gordia... Cover Image
Added March 01, 2000
The United States and Colombia: Untying the Gordian Knot. Authored by Ambassador David Passage.
Twenty-five years after the end of the Vietnam War, the ghost of that war still haunts the corridors of the decision makers when it comes to making long-term commitments to situations that remotely resemble anything like our Indochina experience. That is the case in with Colombia, which is embroiled in an internecine struggle with two guerrilla movements bent on overthrowing the government as well
Landpower and Ambiguous Warfare: The Challenge of ... Cover Image
Added March 01, 1999
Landpower and Ambiguous Warfare: The Challenge of Colombia in the 21st Century. Authored by Dr. Richard Downes.
The meeting highlighted the urgency of the Colombian crisis and the need for a comprehensive response by Colombia, the United States, and the regional community of nations. Much of the dialogue developed the principal subthemes of the conference: the sources of violence; the role of the guerrillas, paramilitaries, and narcotraffickers; the institutional capabilities and responses of the Colombian government and armed forces; and the role of the United States.
Colombia's Three Wars: U.S. Strategy at the Crossr... Cover Image
Added March 01, 1999
Colombia's Three Wars: U.S. Strategy at the Crossroads. Authored by Dr. Gabriel Marcella, Dr. Donald E. Schulz.
U.S. policy is at a critical juncture. Can a strategy based on counter-narcotics be enough and even be separated from counter-insurgency? Authors argue no, that a more robust and comprehensive level of support is necessary, given the gravity of Colombia's problems.