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Publications Tagged: War on drugs

The United States and Colombia: The Journey from A... Cover Image
Added May 01, 2003
The United States and Colombia: The Journey from Ambiguity to Strategic Clarity. Authored by Dr. Gabriel Marcella.
Paper identifies the strategic challenge to Colombia within the context of the weak state and ungoverned space, under attack from the violence and corruption generated bi international criminals, terrorists, and paramilitarism. Lessons learned will have powerful effects for the adaptation of American strategy to the conflict paradigm of 21st century.
Colombia's Conflicts: The Spillover Effects of a W... Cover Image
Added October 01, 2002
Colombia's Conflicts: The Spillover Effects of a Wider War. Authored by Mr. Richard Millett.
It provides a careful examination of the so-called "spillover" problems generated by Colombia's three simultaneous wars against illegal drug traffickers, insurgents, and self-appointed paramilitary groups. All seek, in one way or another, violently to change or depose the state. All use the uncontrolled "gray areas" in Colombia and its neighboring states to sustain, conduct, and replenish their nefarious operations without risk of significant interference.
Nonstate Actors in Colombia: Threat and Response... Cover Image
Added May 01, 2002
Nonstate Actors in Colombia: Threat and Response. Authored by Dr. Max G. Manwaring.
Colombia's "Hobbesian Trinity" of illegal drug traffickers, insurgents, and paramilitary organizations are creating a situation in which life is indeed "nasty, brutish, and short." Political and military leaders can start thinking about the gravity of the terrorist strategy employed by Colombia's stateless adversaries from this point. It is also the point from which leaders can begin developing re
Colombian Army Adaptation to FARC Insurgency... Cover Image
Added January 01, 2002
Colombian Army Adaptation to FARC Insurgency. Authored by Dr. Thomas A. Marks.
The author points out that Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) insurgents actively are pursuing a strategy to mobilize the disaffected and disposed people of Colombia, and to control the entire national territory. At the same time, he argues that no one in the national political establishment has taken the initiative to conduct an appropriate effort to deny FARC its objective.
Colombia's Paramilitaries: Criminals or Political ... Cover Image
Added December 01, 2001
Colombia's Paramilitaries: Criminals or Political Force? Authored by Mr. David Spencer.
The author points out, first, that the Colombian paramilitary self-defense forces represent some important sectors of society, and enjoy more popular support from Colombian society than the insurgents. Second, the paramilitaries have developed into a powerful irregular force that is proving itself capable of challenging Colombian guerrillas. Third, while they commit horrendous atrocities, they have been successful where the state has not.
The Drug Scourge as a Hemispheric Problem... Cover Image
Added August 01, 2001
The Drug Scourge as a Hemispheric Problem. Authored by General Barry R. McCaffrey.
General Barry McCaffrey, USA (Retired) argues that Colombia s 40 million citizens must not be deserted by their neighbors. Leaving the Colombians to deal in isolation with a pervasive drug problem will deeply affect all 800 million of us in the Western Hemisphere through addiction, violence, and corruption. Moreover, he argues that the United States and the entire international community must supp
The Regional Security Crisis in the Andes: Pattern... Cover Image
Added June 01, 2001
The Regional Security Crisis in the Andes: Patterns of State Response. Authored by Dr. Judith A. Gentleman.
The instability, corruption, displacement of people, and violence generated by Colombia s unholy trinity of narcotics traffickers, insurgents, and paramilitaries is spilling over into virtually all of northern South America and Panama. The author outlines some of the detail and implications of the regional security crisis in the Andes and makes recommendations for U.S. civil-military involvement in the hemispheric security arena. She specifically argues for the U.S. military to build stronger and more cooperative security relationships within the circle of affected states around Colombia.
U.S. Security Policy in the Western Hemisphere: Wh... Cover Image
Added June 01, 2001
U.S. Security Policy in the Western Hemisphere: Why Colombia, Why Now, and What Is To Be Done? Authored by Dr. Max G. Manwaring.
In substantive U.S. national security terms, the author addresses the questions, Why Colombia, Why Now, and What Is To Be Done? He points out that the fragile democracy of Colombia is at risk, and that the violent spillover effects of three simultaneous wars pose a threat to the rest of the Western Hemisphere and the interdependent global community. He recommends an actionable political-military s
Plan Colombia: Some Differing Perspectives... Cover Image
Added June 01, 2001
Plan Colombia: Some Differing Perspectives. Authored by Dr. Gabriel Marcella, GEN (RET) Charles E. Wilhelm, Colombian General Alvaro Valencia Tovar, Dr. Ricardo Arias Calderon, Mr. Chris Marquis.
Contains introduction and four papers present distinct perspectives on the potential effectiveness of Plan Colombia. Co-authors include former Commander of US Southern Command, former Vice-President of Panama, a noted Colombian military intellectual, and New York Times correspondent.
The Search for Accountability and Transparency in ... Cover Image
Added May 01, 2001
The Search for Accountability and Transparency in PLAN COLOMBIA: Reforming Judicial Institutions--Again. Authored by Dr. Luz E. Nagle.
The author argues that confidence in an efficient, courageous and transparent judiciary goes to the very heart of the governability of Colombia, and that Plan Colombia does not address the root causes of Colombia's problems. These are weak government, inequality, absence of citizen participation, corruption and an ineffective legal system.
Plan Colombia: The View from the Presidential Pala... Cover Image
Added May 01, 2001
Plan Colombia: The View from the Presidential Palace. Authored by Mr. Eduardo Pizano.
The author, a former member of the Colombian Senate and now the General Secretary to the President of Colombia, discusses various misconceptions stemming from the uncertainty and confusion that permeated conference discussions involving U.S. policy in Colombia and the implementation of Plan Colombia. Finally, he argues that there are no cocksure short-term answers to Colombia s problems. What is c
European Perceptions of Plan Colombia: A Virtual C... Cover Image
Added May 01, 2001
European Perceptions of Plan Colombia: A Virtual Contribution to a Virtual War and Peace Plan? Authored by Dr. Joaquin Roy.
Europeans apparently do not approve of the seeming U.S. emphasis on providing military equipment and training to Colombia for a counternarcotics effort in what they see as a larger strategic political conflict. At the same time, he reports that Europeans are not only concerned with the counternarcotics violence in Colombia, but also with the economic, security, and political spillover effects for
U.S. Support of PLAN COLOMBIA: Rethinking the Ends... Cover Image
Added May 01, 2001
U.S. Support of PLAN COLOMBIA: Rethinking the Ends and Means. Authored by Dr. Stephen E. Flynn.
The author argues that the U.S. emphasis on drug control in its support of Plan Colombia is misguided and akin to prescribing an antibiotic regime to combat a disease not caused by bacteria or similar micro-organisms. The illegal drug industry in Colombia is not the cause of that country's fragile socio-political system, but a symptom of and a contributor to the fragility of the Colombian state.
Fighting the Hobbesian Trinity in Colombia: A New ... Cover Image
Added April 01, 2001
Fighting the Hobbesian Trinity in Colombia: A New Strategy for Peace. Authored by Colonel Joseph R. Nunez.
After introducing what he calls the Hobbesian trinity, the author discusses alternatives to intervention and notes the complexity of the human rights challenge. He suggests a new strategy for improving human security, government accountability, democratic reform, and peace prospects. The author argues that the current approach is heading the wrong way, moving away from peace and fomenting greater instability.
Plan Colombia: The Strategic and Operational Imper... Cover Image
Added April 01, 2001
Plan Colombia: The Strategic and Operational Imperatives. Authored by Dr. Gabriel Marcella.
Examines the strategic theory within Plan Colombia, the master plan which the government of Colombia developed to strengthen democracy through peace, security, and economic development. Recommends that the United States and the world community assist Colombia, but the sacrifices must be made collectively by Colombians.
The United States and Colombia: Untying the Gordia... Cover Image
Added March 01, 2000
The United States and Colombia: Untying the Gordian Knot. Authored by Ambassador David Passage.
Twenty-five years after the end of the Vietnam War, the ghost of that war still haunts the corridors of the decision makers when it comes to making long-term commitments to situations that remotely resemble anything like our Indochina experience. That is the case in with Colombia, which is embroiled in an internecine struggle with two guerrilla movements bent on overthrowing the government as well
Landpower and Ambiguous Warfare: The Challenge of ... Cover Image
Added March 01, 1999
Landpower and Ambiguous Warfare: The Challenge of Colombia in the 21st Century. Authored by Dr. Richard Downes.
The meeting highlighted the urgency of the Colombian crisis and the need for a comprehensive response by Colombia, the United States, and the regional community of nations. Much of the dialogue developed the principal subthemes of the conference: the sources of violence; the role of the guerrillas, paramilitaries, and narcotraffickers; the institutional capabilities and responses of the Colombian government and armed forces; and the role of the United States.
Colombia's Three Wars: U.S. Strategy at the Crossr... Cover Image
Added March 01, 1999
Colombia's Three Wars: U.S. Strategy at the Crossroads. Authored by Dr. Gabriel Marcella, Dr. Donald E. Schulz.
U.S. policy is at a critical juncture. Can a strategy based on counter-narcotics be enough and even be separated from counter-insurgency? Authors argue no, that a more robust and comprehensive level of support is necessary, given the gravity of Colombia's problems.
Strategic Planning and the Drug Threat... Cover Image
Added August 01, 1997
Strategic Planning and the Drug Threat. Authored by COL (RET) William W. Mendel, COL (RET) Murl D. Munger.
The primary purpose of this publication is to show how the principles and techniques of strategic and operational planning can be applied to the supply reduction side of our national effort to curb the trafficking of illicit drugs. An earlier version was published in 1991 which introduced campaign planning methodology as a means to help bridge the gap existing between the policy and strategy.
Between a Rock and a Hard Place: The United States... Cover Image
Added June 01, 1997
Between a Rock and a Hard Place: The United States, Mexico, and the Agony of National Security. Authored by Dr. Donald E. Schulz.
Because of NAFTA and increasing interdependence, this paper redefines U.S.-Mexican security relations in non-traditional terms. Offers practical suggestions so that U.S leaders to respond effectively to the emerging relationship.
The Mexican Military Approaches the 21st Century: ... Cover Image
Added February 01, 1994
The Mexican Military Approaches the 21st Century: Coping with a New World Order. Authored by LTC Stephen J. Wager.
Of the papers presented at the meeting, the one that struck closest to the concerns of the U.S. Army was "The Mexican Military Approaches the 21st Century: Coping with a New World Order" by Lieutenant Colonel Stephen J. Wager of the U.S. Military Academy. His discussion of the roles and missions of the Mexican armed forces has special salience in this era of "alternative missions." Here is a classic case of a military institution whose principal missions of civic action and counternarcotics are those with which our own Army has had to deal in recent years.