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Publications Tagged: Metz

Future War/Future Battlespace: The Strategic Role ... Cover Image
Added March 01, 2003
Future War/Future Battlespace: The Strategic Role of American Landpower. Authored by Dr. Steven Metz, LTC Raymond A. Millen.
The trends in the strategic environment in the development of the Future War/Future Battlespace suggest that traditional warfighting has changed in the post 9-11 era. The strategic environment can be classified into four strategic battlespaces, within which future adversaries will operate to thwart U.S. strategic initiatives.
Revising the Two MTW Force Shaping Paradigm... Cover Image
Added April 01, 2001
Revising the Two MTW Force Shaping Paradigm. Authored by Dr. Steven Metz.
One of the most important elements of U.S. military strategy for the past 10 years has been the belief that a force able to fight two nearly simultaneous major theater wars of the DESERT STORM type would be capable of dealing with the full gamut of security challenges that the United States is likely to face.
Asymmetry and U.S. Military Strategy: Definition, ... Cover Image
Added January 01, 2001
Asymmetry and U.S. Military Strategy: Definition, Background, and Strategic Concepts. Authored by Dr. Steven Metz, Dr. Douglas V. Johnson, II.
This report gives a simple and comprehensive definition of strategic asymmetry reflecting the need for military doctrine which transcends today's specific issues. The authors assess the strategic situation of the United States in terms of positive and negative asymmetry and offer five strategic concepts as part of the response to asymmetry: maximum conceptual and organizational adaptability, focused intelligence, minimal vulnerability, full spectrum precision, and an integrated homeland security strategy.
American Strategy: Issues and Alternatives for the... Cover Image
Added September 01, 2000
American Strategy: Issues and Alternatives for the Quadrennial Defense Review. Authored by Dr. Steven Metz.
The combination of a congressionally-mandated Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR), a change of presidents, and shifts in the global security environment will force or allow American strategists to rethink some of the basic elements of U.S. strategy and decide if any changes need to be made.
Armed Conflict in the 21st Century: The Informatio... Cover Image
Added March 01, 2000
Armed Conflict in the 21st Century: The Information Revolution and Post-Modern Warfare. Authored by Dr. Steven Metz.
Within the past decade, the U.S. military has implemented a number of programs to assess the changes underway in the global security environment and in the nature of warfare. Defense leaders and thinkers have concluded that revolutionary change is taking place and, if the United States develops appropriate technology, warfighting concepts, and military organizations, it can master or control this change, thus augmenting American security.
Refining American Strategy in Africa... Cover Image
Added February 01, 2000
Refining American Strategy in Africa. Authored by Dr. Steven Metz.
The author provides a broad overview of the African security environment as a basis for recommendations on the refinement of American strategy in that region. He assesses both the opportunities for positive change which exist today, and the obstacles.
Nonlethality and American Land Power: Strategic Co... Cover Image
Added June 01, 1998
Nonlethality and American Land Power: Strategic Context and Operational Concepts. Authored by Professor Douglas C. Lovelace, Jr., Dr. Steven Metz.
Nonlethal technology, concepts and doctrine may provide the Army a way to retain its political utility and military effectiveness in a security environment characterized by ambiguity and the glare of world public opinion. To explore this, the Army is undertaking programs and initiatives which may make it the driving force in nonlethality.
The United States and the Transformation of Africa... Cover Image
Added December 01, 1997
The United States and the Transformation of African Security: The African Crisis Response Initiative and Beyond. Authored by COL Daniel W. Henk, Dr. Steven Metz.
Helping Africans develop a capability to avoid or solve their region's security problems has reemerged recently as an important goal of American strategy, and the African Crisis Response Initiative (ACRI) is its centerpiece. Based on their testimony presented to the Africa Subcommittee of the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on International Relations, this study by Dr. Steven Metz and Colonel Dan Henk of the U.S. Army War College examines the ACRI. Significantly, it does so by placing the ACRI in a wider, long-term strategic context.
Strategic Horizons: The Military Implications of A... Cover Image
Added March 01, 1997
Strategic Horizons: The Military Implications of Alternative Futures. Authored by Dr. Steven Metz.
A year ago the Chief of Staff of the Army initiated the Army After Next Project (AANP) as a means of stimulating constructive thinking about the Army's future throughout the service. AANP has quickly developed into a primary vehicle for long-range planning.
Reform, Conflict, and Security in Zaire... Cover Image
Added June 01, 1996
Reform, Conflict, and Security in Zaire. Authored by Dr. Steven Metz.
U.S. foreign policy in Sub-Saharan Africa seeks stability, democracy, and economic development. Despite recent positive trends, it is clear that not all African countries will move in this direction; some will sink into greater violence and misery. In the central part of the continent, Zaire is the linchpin. Because of its great size and natural wealth, Zaire has the ability to serve as either the locomotive of development or an agent of destabilization.
The Future of American Landpower: Strategic Challe... Cover Image
Added March 01, 1996
The Future of American Landpower: Strategic Challenges for the 21st Century Army. Authored by Dr. William T. Johnsen, Dr. Douglas V. Johnson, II, Professor Douglas C. Lovelace, Jr., Dr. Steven Metz, LTC James Kievit.
Armies historically have been criticized for preparing for the last war. Since the early 1980s, however, the U.S. Army has broken this pattern and created a force capable of winning the next war. But, in an era characterized by a volatile international security environment, accelerating technological advances (particularly in acquiring, processing, and disseminating information), the emergence of what some are calling a "revolution in military affairs," and forecasts of increasingly constrained fiscal resources, it seems ill-advised to plan only for the "next Army."
Armies and Democracy in the New Africa: Lessons fr... Cover Image
Added January 01, 1996
Armies and Democracy in the New Africa: Lessons from Nigeria and South Africa. Authored by Dr. Steven Metz, Dr. Kent Hughes Butts.
In October 1994, the Strategic Studies Institute sponsored a roundtable on democratization in Sub-Saharan Africa. Particular attention was paid to the role the U.S. military and Department of Defense played in democracy support. This study developed from a paper presented at the roundtable. Dr. Butts and Dr. Metz reject the notion that the political culture of African states allows or even encourages military intervention in politics.
The Principles of War in the 21st Century: Strateg... Cover Image
Added August 01, 1995
The Principles of War in the 21st Century: Strategic Considerations. Authored by Dr. Steven Metz, Professor Douglas C. Lovelace, Jr., Dr. Douglas V. Johnson, II, Dr. William T. Johnsen, LTC James Kievit.
For nearly two centuries, the principles of war have guided practitioners of the military art. During the last 55 years the principles of war have been a key element of U.S. Army doctrine, and recently they have been incorporated into other Service and Joint doctrines. The turn of the 21st century and the dawn of what some herald as the "Information Age," however, may call into question whether principles originally derived in the 19th century and based on the experience of "Industrial Age" armed forces still hold. Moreover, despite their long existence, the applicability of the principles of war at the strategic level of warfare has not been the subject of detailed analysis or assessment.
Strategy and the Revolution in Military Affairs: F... Cover Image
Added June 01, 1995
Strategy and the Revolution in Military Affairs: From Theory to Policy. Authored by LTC James Kievit, Dr. Steven Metz.
A small band of "RMA" analysts has emerged in the military and Department of Defense, in the academic strategic studies community, and in defense-related think-tanks and consulting firms. To these analysts, the Gulf War provided a vision of a potential revolution in military affairs (RMA) in which Information Age technology would be combined with appropriate doctrine and training to allow a small but very advanced U.S. military to protect national interests with unprecedented efficiency.
American Civil-Military Relations: New Issues, End... Cover Image
Added April 01, 1995
American Civil-Military Relations: New Issues, Enduring Problems. Authored by Dr. Douglas V. Johnson, II, Dr. Steven Metz.
The authors were invited to prepare a paper for a conference on Civil-Military Relations in the fall, 1994. That paper was translated into an article for the Winter, 1995 edition of The Washington Quarterly under the title "Civil-Military Relations in the United States: The State of the Debate." Although the intensity of interest in this subject has fallen from the front pages of the newspapers, the authors have here suggested that the debate needs to continue and that it should start with identification of the right questions.
Counterinsurgency: Strategy and the Phoenix of Ame... Cover Image
Added February 01, 1995
Counterinsurgency: Strategy and the Phoenix of American Capability. Authored by Dr. Steven Metz.
Dr. Steven Metz argues that the way the Department of Defense and U.S. military spend the time when counterinsurgency support is not an important part of American national security strategy determines how quickly and easily they react when policymakers commit the nation to such activity. If analysis and debate continues, at least at a low level, the military is better prepared for the reconstitution of capabilities. If it ignores global developments in insurgency and counterinsurgency, the reconstitution of capabilities would be more difficult.
Disaster and Intervention in Sub-Saharan Africa: L... Cover Image
Added September 01, 1994
Disaster and Intervention in Sub-Saharan Africa: Learning from Rwanda. Authored by Dr. Steven Metz.
Rwanda's horrific civil war suggests that human disasters requiring outside intervention will remain common in Sub-Saharan Africa. The American people want a prompt and effective response to human disasters when the United States becomes involved.
The Revolution in Military Affairs and Conflict Sh... Cover Image
Added July 01, 1994
The Revolution in Military Affairs and Conflict Short of War. Authored by LTC James Kievit, Dr. Steven Metz.
The authors concede that the revolution in military affairs holds great promise for conventional, combined-arms warfare, but conclude that its potential value in conflict short of war, whether terrorism, insurgency, or violence associated with narcotrafficking, is not so clear-cut. Given this, national leaders and strategists should proceed cautiously and only after a full exploration of the ethical, political, and social implications of their decisions.
The Future of the United Nations: Implications for... Cover Image
Added October 01, 1993
The Future of the United Nations: Implications for Peace Operations. Authored by Dr. Steven Metz.
President Clinton has expressed clear support for greater U.N. effectiveness in the peaceful resolution of conflict and the organization of collective security. This entails finding ways to improve U.N. peacekeeping, peacemaking, and peace-enforcement.
Eisenhower as Strategist: The Coherent Use of Mili... Cover Image
Added February 01, 1993
Eisenhower as Strategist: The Coherent Use of Military Power in War and Peace. Authored by Dr. Steven Metz.
Few if any American officers performed a wider array of strategic functions as Dwight D. Eisenhower--he was a staff planner in the War Department, wartime commander of a massive coalition force, peacetime Chief of Staff, and Supreme Allied Commander in Europe.