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Publications Tagged: Iran

Kuwaiti National Security and the U.S.-Kuwaiti Str... Cover Image
Added September 14, 2007
Kuwaiti National Security and the U.S.-Kuwaiti Strategic Relationship after Saddam. Authored by Dr. W. Andrew Terrill.
The author examines the national security concerns that Kuwait must address in the turbulent post-Saddam era. Challenges involving Iraq, Iran, and terrorism are severe and will require both Kuwaitis and Americans to rethink and revise previous security approaches to meet important shared goals.
Iran, Iraq, and the United States: The New Triangl... Cover Image
Added November 28, 2006
Iran, Iraq, and the United States: The New Triangle's Impact on Sectarianism and the Nuclear Threat. Authored by Dr. Sherifa D. Zuhur.
This monograph considers the issues of Iranian influence in Iraq, and its impact on continuing sectarian violence there. The situation has been further complicated by the post-2003 change in the Iraqi Shi'a community’s status, Iran’s development of a nuclear program, and international efforts to contain that program.
Getting Ready for a Nuclear-Ready Iran... Cover Image
Added November 01, 2005
Getting Ready for a Nuclear-Ready Iran. Edited by Mr. Henry D. Sokolski, Mr. Patrick Clawson.
This book examines what additional security threats Iran might pose as it becomes increasingly capable of making nuclear weapons, what steps the United States and its friends might take to deter and contain it, and what should be done to assure Iran's neighbors do not follow in Tehran's nuclear footsteps.
Strategic Implications of Intercommunal Warfare in... Cover Image
Added February 01, 2005
Strategic Implications of Intercommunal Warfare in Iraq. Authored by Dr. W. Andrew Terrill.
This study considers the regional consequences of intercommunal warfare in Iraq by examining how such an eventuality may develop and how neighboring states might become involved in such a conflict. This work does not predict an Iraqi civil war but rather views it as a worst-case eventuality. The danger of an Iraqi civil war requires serious U.S. cooperation with those regional states that also have a stake in preventing this outcome.
Strategic Consequences of the Iraq War: U.S. Secur... Cover Image
Added May 01, 2004
Strategic Consequences of the Iraq War: U.S. Security Interests in Central Asia Reassessed. Authored by Dr. Elizabeth Wishnick.
The U.S.-led war in Iraq complicates security cooperation between the United States and Central Asia at a time when other regional powers—especially Russia, China, and India—are competing for influence in the region more overtly. The author argues that the United States should do more to address the underlying human security problems in Central Asia, which increase its vulnerability to terrorist movements.
The United States and Iraq's Shi'ite Clergy: Partn... Cover Image
Added February 01, 2004
The United States and Iraq's Shi'ite Clergy: Partners or Adversaries? Authored by Dr. W. Andrew Terrill.
The author addressed the critical need to gain the cooperation or at least the passive tolerance of the Shi'ite clerics and community. Such an effort could become more challenging as time goes on, and one of the recurring themes of this monograph is the declining patience of the Shi'ite clergy with the U.S. presence. Some key Shi'ite clerics are deeply suspicious of the United States, exemplified by conspiracy theories.
Checking Iran's Nuclear Ambitions... Cover Image
Added January 01, 2004
Checking Iran's Nuclear Ambitions. Edited by Mr. Henry D. Sokolski, Mr. Patrick Clawson.
The fear about what Iran might do with nuclear weapons is fed by the concern that Tehran has no clear reason to be pursuing nuclear weapons. The strategic rationale for Iran's nuclear program is by no means obvious. Unlike proliferators such as Israel or Pakistan, Iran faces no historic enemy who would welcome an opportunity to wipe the state off the face of the earth.
Growing U.S. Security Interests in Central Asia... Cover Image
Added October 01, 2002
Growing U.S. Security Interests in Central Asia. Authored by Dr. Elizabeth Wishnick.
The author notes that strengthening the Central Asian states against terrorism and assisting their transition to stable and prosperous nations are difficult and fraught with danger. If not astutely managed, this strategy could have the opposite of the intended results and generate increased instability, spark anti-Americanism, and antagonize Russia and China. To avoid this, Dr. Wishnick advocates a multilateral strategy that integrates the military, political, and economic elements of national power and prods the Central Asian regimes toward reform.
Hizballah: Terrorism, National Liberation, or Mena... Cover Image
Added August 01, 2002
Hizballah: Terrorism, National Liberation, or Menace? Authored by Dr. Sami G. Hajjar.
The author reviews the history of Hizballah since its inception in 1982, and examines its role in the recent political turmoil of Lebanon and the region. Not only is Hizballah's role central in the dispute over the Sheb'a Farms enclave between Lebanon and Israel, it is part of an entangled set of linkages involving Syria, Iran, the United States, the European Union, and the Palestinians.
U.S. Military Presence in the Persian Gulf: Challe... Cover Image
Added March 01, 2002
U.S. Military Presence in the Persian Gulf: Challenges and Prospects. Authored by Dr. Sami G. Hajjar.
The author considers the critical questions of U.S. military presence in the Gulf, the challenges it faces, and the prospects that lay ahead. He relies, in his presentation and analysis, on a variety of regional sources including newspaper reports and personal interviews conducted in the United States and the Gulf region, as well as government and academic sources.
Jihadi Groups, Nuclear Pakistan, and the New Great... Cover Image
Added August 01, 2001
Jihadi Groups, Nuclear Pakistan, and the New Great Game. Authored by Dr. M. Ehsan Ahrari.
The author assesses Jihadi groups from the framework of a new "Great Game" for influence in Central Asia involving an array of states. He argues that, if this competition leads to increased violence, outside states including the United States could be drawn in. On the other hand, if the region stabilizes, it could provide solid economic and political partners for the United States. A well-designed American strategy, Ahrari contends, might help avoid crises or catastrophe.
Land Power and Dual Containment: Rethinking Americ... Cover Image
Added November 01, 1999
Land Power and Dual Containment: Rethinking America's Policy in the Gulf. Authored by Dr. Stephen C. Pelletiere.
In an attempt to regain some control of the strategic commodity, Washington developed special relationships with the two foremost oil procedures, Iran (under the Shah) and Saudi Arabia. Dual Containment, promulgated in 1993, was supposed to constrain the two most powerful area states, Iran and Iraq, by imposing harsh economic sanctions on them. But, the author contends, the policy has only antagonized America's allies.
Transnational Threats from the Middle East: Crying... Cover Image
Added May 01, 1999
Transnational Threats from the Middle East: Crying Wolf or Crying Havoc? Authored by Anthony H. Cordesman.
There is no doubt that the Middle East can present significant potential threats to the West. The author of this monograph examines these threats in order to put them into perspective--to distinguish between "crying wolf" and "crying havoc." After thorough analysis, he contends that the problems caused by narcotics and organized crime, immigration, terrorism, and weapons of mass destruction do not as yet require draconian action by the Western nations.
Security Implications of the Proliferation of Weap... Cover Image
Added December 01, 1998
Security Implications of the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction in the Middle East. Authored by Dr. Sami G. Hajjar.
This monograph addresses the important question of the security implications for the nations of the region of the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East. The author offers a unique perspective based on extensive interviews that he conducted in the region, and makes specific policy recommendations for U.S. military and civilian decisionmakers.
Searching for Stable Peace in the Persian Gulf... Cover Image
Added February 01, 1998
Searching for Stable Peace in the Persian Gulf. Authored by Dr. Kenneth Katzman. Edited by Dr. Stephen C. Pelletiere.
Congressional Research Staffer Kenneth Katzman reviews the history of dual containment, and shows how adherence to the policy has eroded. He suggests it is time for Washington to change course in the Gulf, and lays out a course of action the United States should follow to maintain its leadership role in this vital region. Dr. Katzman's monograph deals thoughtfully with this controversial issue.
Managing Strains in the Coalition: What to Do Abou... Cover Image
Added November 01, 1996
Managing Strains in the Coalition: What to Do About Saddam? Authored by Dr. Stephen C. Pelletiere.
Iraq's September 1996 actions in the Kurdish north found such a seam in coalition objectives, or, to return to the original metaphor, shook one anchor of the U.S. policy tightrope. Dr. Stephen Pelletiere examines how the Kurdish crisis developed, why--most disturbingly--the key coalition members divided in response to U.S. actions, and what factors might guide future U.S. policy. He concludes that U.S. policy needs reanchoring if we are to achieve our paramount interests in this vital region.
A Theory of Fundamentalism: An Inquiry into the Or... Cover Image
Added September 01, 1995
A Theory of Fundamentalism: An Inquiry into the Origin and Development of the Movement. Authored by Dr. Stephen C. Pelletiere.
Islamic fundamentalism is growing at such a rapid rate that many believe it threatens to take over the Middle East. To prevent this, enormous resources have been summoned, not only from within the region, but in the West as well. The author concludes by building a theory about fundamentalism, which implies a need to redirect policy for coping with it. Dr. Pelletiere maintains that the solution is not to try to crush the movement--that has been attempted numerous times and consistently has failed.
Terrorism: National Security Policy and the Home F... Cover Image
Added May 01, 1995
Terrorism: National Security Policy and the Home Front. Authored by Dr. Stephen C. Pelletiere.
The recent bombing of the Federal Building in Oklahoma has highlighted the complexity of the phenomenon of political extremism. Until this occurred, inside the United States foreign terrorists were the focus of attention, particularly the so-called Islamic fundamentalists. Undue emphasis on the "foreign connection" can make it appear that only Middle Eastern terror is of consequence. The Strategic Studies Institute (SSI) has long resisted this approach.
Hamas and Hizbollah: The Radical Challenge to Isra... Cover Image
Added November 01, 1994
Hamas and Hizbollah: The Radical Challenge to Israel in the Occupied Territories. Authored by Dr. Stephen C. Pelletiere.
This study argues that Hamas and Hizbollah, the two main religious groups fighting Israel, probably are more threatening to U.S. interests than is generally believed. It discusses the various openings that the groups were able to exploit to advance themselves, and particularly how they profited from errors on the Israelis' part. At the same time, the study contends, there has been a corresponding rise of religious radicalism in Israel.
Responding to Terrorism across the Technological S... Cover Image
Added July 01, 1994
Responding to Terrorism across the Technological Spectrum. Authored by Dr. Bruce Hoffman.
In April 1994, the Army War College's Strategic Studies Institute held its annual Strategy Conference. This year's theme was "The Revolution in Military Affairs: Defining an Army for the 21st Century." Dr. Bruce Hoffman presented this paper as part of a panel examining "New Technologies and New Threats." Terrorism, of course, is not new. Hoffman warns, however, of the changing nature of terrorism. In the past, terrorists have been motivated by limited political and ideological objectives.
Nuclear Threats from Small States... Cover Image
Added June 01, 1994
Nuclear Threats from Small States. Authored by Mr. Jerome H. Kahan.
Mr. Jerome Kahan examines the likelihood that one or more of these countries will use nuclear weapons before the year 2000 and finds the danger great enough for the United States to take seriously.
Turkey's Strategic Position at the Crossroads of W... Cover Image
Added December 01, 1993
Turkey's Strategic Position at the Crossroads of World Affairs. Authored by Dr. Stephen J. Blank, Dr. William T. Johnsen, Dr. Stephen C. Pelletiere.
This report analyzes the implications of Turkey's policies and the reactions of Turkey's neighbors in three discrete chapters. The authors focus their conclusions and options for U.S. policymakers on the effect of Turkish policies in Europe, the Middle East, and the former Soviet republics. The final chapter summarizes their conclusions with respect to the three regions and provides policy options for continuing U.S.-Turkish relations that are so important in the search for peace and stability in these regions.