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RICHARD DOWNES is Adjunct Professor of National Security at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies and Adjunct Senior Research Associate at the North-South Center of the University of Miami. A graduate of the U.S. Air Force Academy, he holds the M.A. in Latin American Studies from the University of Florida, and the doctorate in History from the University of Texas at Austin. During his 23-year military career, he served in public affairs, education and training, and politico-military affairs. He served as politico-military planner on Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, Venezuela, and international economic issues in the Strategic Plans and Policy Directorate of the Joint Staff. Dr. Downes was awarded numerous U.S. military decorations as well as the Santos Dumont Medal of Merit from the Government of Brazil. His writings focus on inter-American security, conflict resolution, civil-military relations, Brazil, Panama, Mexico, as well as Ecuador and Peru. Among his recent publications are: The Impact of the End of the Cold War on Inter-American Relations: The Search for Paradigm and Principle, Emerging Patterns of Security Cooperation in the Americas, and New Security Relations in the Americas. He is editor with Keith Rosenn of the forthcoming book, Corruption and Political Reform in Brazil, and coauthor and coeditor with Gabriel Marcella of Security Cooperation in the Americas: Resolving the Ecuador-Peru Conflict (forthcoming 1999).
*The above information may not be current. It was current at the time when the individual worked for SSI or was published by SSI.
Authored by Dr. Richard Downes.
The meeting highlighted the urgency of the Colombian crisis and the need for a comprehensive response by Colombia, the United States, and the regional community of nations. Much of the dialogue developed the principal subthemes of the conference: the sources of violence; the role of the guerrillas, paramilitaries, and narcotraffickers; the institutional capabilities and responses of the Colombian government and armed forces; and the role of the United States.