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RICARDO ARIAS CALDERÓN obtained a B.A. from Yale University and his doctorate from the University of Paris. He has been a university professor in Panama, Venezuela, and Chile. In the United States, he was a professor, department chairman, dean, and academic vice president at Florida International University from 1972-78. Dr. Calderón joined the Christian Democratic Party of Panama in 1964 and was exiled by the military dictatorship from 1969 to 1978. He was president of the party from 1980 until 1993 and ran for Second Vice President in 1968 and 1984. He ran for First Vice President in 1989 and won. As Minister of Government and Justice from late 1989 until mid-1991, he demilitarized Panama’s security. Dr. Calderón was president of the Christian Democratic Organization of the Americas from 1981-85 and president of the Christian Democratic International both from 1995-98 and from May to October of 2000. He has authored several books and numerous articles on philosophy, university life, and politics and writes a political opinion page published every Sunday in the Panamanian daily, El Panamá América.
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Authored by Dr. Gabriel Marcella, GEN (RET) Charles E. Wilhelm, Colombian General Alvaro Valencia Tovar, Dr. Ricardo Arias Calderon, Mr. Chris Marquis.
Contains introduction and four papers present distinct perspectives on the potential effectiveness of Plan Colombia. Co-authors include former Commander of US Southern Command, former Vice-President of Panama, a noted Colombian military intellectual, and New York Times correspondent.