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Major General Robert H. Scales

External Researcher

Major General Robert H. Scales, Jr., became the 44th Commandant of the U.S. Army War College in August 1997. Before moving to Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania, he was the Deputy Chief of Staff for Base Operations and the Deputy Chief of Staff for Doctrine at the Training and Doctrine Command Headquarters, Fort Monroe, Virginia. He is a 1966 graduate from the United States Military Academy and he later received a Masters and Ph.D. in history from Duke University. Commissioned as a field artillery officer, General Scales served in numerous command and staff positions throughout the Army. His commands include four artillery batteries, two in Germany and two in Vietnam; an artillery battalion in Korea and the U.S. Army Field Artillery Training Center, Fort Sill, Oklahoma. He also served as the Assistant Division Commander, 2d Infantry Division, Eighth U.S. Army. His decorations include the Distinguished Service Medal, Silver Star, Legion of Merit with four Oak Leaf Clusters, the Bronze Star Medal, Meritorious Service Medal with four Oak Leaf Clusters and the Air Medal. He wears the Senior Parachutist Badge, the Army Staff Badge and the Ranger Tab. General Scales is the principal author of Certain Victory, the 1993 official Army account of the Gulf War. His latest book, Firepower in Limited War, is a 1994 publication that outlines the history of fire support in post-World War II conflicts. During the past four years, General Scales has published numerous articles within several European and American defense journals. In November 2000 he retired from active duty.

*The above information may not be current. It was current at the time when the individual worked for SSI or was published by SSI.

SSI books and monographs by Major General Robert H. Scales

  • Future Warfare Anthology, Revised Edition

    June 01, 2001

    Authored by Major General Robert H. Scales.
    Throughout U.S. history the American military services have had an unfortunate penchant for not being ready be the next war. American military institutions have been surprisingly optimistic in weighting their preparedness as they embarked on the nation's wars. Military institutions have always had considerable problems in adapting and innovating during inter-war periods.

  • America's Army in Transition: Preparing for War in the Precision Age

    September 01, 1999

    Authored by Major General Robert H. Scales.
    The following two articles were written during and immediately after the war in Kosovo. The first is an adaptation of an earlier work written after a trip to Asia in 1998. In that essay, I suggested that foreign militaries were beginning to perceive our fixation on a firepower-centered way of war as an exploitable weakness. In fact, some states, armed with experience gained against us in real war, had already begun to evolve a doctrine to counter our superiority in precision.

  • Future Warfare

    May 01, 1999

    Authored by Major General Robert H. Scales.
    Throughout U.S. history the American military services have had an unfortunate penchant for not being ready for the next war. Part of the problem has had to do with factors beyond their control: the American policy has been notoriously slow to respond to the challenges posed by dangerous enemies. On the other hand, American military institutions have been surprisingly optimistic in weighing their preparedness as they embarked on the nation's wars.

  • The Future U.S. Military Presence in Asia: Landpower and the Geostrategy of American Commitment

    April 01, 1999

    Authored by Dr. Larry M. Wortzel, Major General Robert H. Scales.
    The United States strategic framework in the Pacific has three parts: peacetime engagement, which includes a forward presence; crisis response, which builds on forward-stationed forces, the "boots-on-the ground" and, if necessary, fighting and winning any conflict that might develop.

  • America's Army: Preparing for Tomorrow's Security Challenges

    December 01, 1998

    Authored by Major General Robert H. Scales.
    During the early decades of the 21st Century, the Army of 2025 will differ from today's Army in two distinct ways. First, it will achieve unprecedented strategic and operational speed by exploiting information technologies to create a knowledge-based organization. Second, it will exhibit tremendous flexibility and physical agility through streamlined, seamlessly integrated organizations that use new tactics and procedures.