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Recent Publications


  • Publication cover with title

    Added June 22, 2016

    India's Evolving Nuclear Force and Implications for U.S. Strategy in the Asia-Pacific

    Authored by Yogesh Joshi, Dr. Frank O'Donnell, Dr. Harsh V. Pant.
    View the Executive Summary

    This Letort Paper investigates the present status and contours of Indian nuclear force development, nuclear doctrinal views, and nonproliferation policy, before illustrating the effects of these emerging developments for Asian security and U.S. regional interests.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added June 14, 2016

    Honduras: A Pariah State, or Innovative Solutions to Organized Crime Deserving U.S. Support?

    Authored by Dr. R. Evan Ellis.
    View the Executive Summary

    In Honduras, one of the nations in Latin America most impacted by transnational organized crime and violent street gangs, the government of President Juan Orlando Hernandez has reduced murders by almost a quarter in 3 years. Hernandez, with U.S. help, has dismantled the leadership of the nation’s two principal narcotrafficking transport groups, the Cachiros and the Los Valles, as well as significantly reducing the use of the country as a transit zone by narco flights and other drug trafficking operations. His initiatives include the controversial creation of a new police force within the military, the Policía Militar del Orden Público (Military Police of Public Order [PMOP]), and a creative new interagency structure, de la Fuerza de Seguridad Interinstitucional Nacional (the National Inter-Agency Security Force [FUSINA]), integrating the military, police, prosecutors, special judges, and other state resources to combat organized crime and delinquency in the country. This monograph by SSI Professor R. Evan Ellis explores the evolution of organized crime and gangs in Honduras and the innovative approaches of the Hernandez administration to combat these threats, which have significantly challenged governance and prosperity in not only Honduras, but also its neighbors.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added June 07, 2016

    Outplayed: Regaining Strategic Initiative in the Gray Zone, A Report Sponsored by the Army Capabilities Integration Center in Coordination with Joint Staff J-39/Strategic Multi-Layer Assessment Branch

    Authored by Mr. Nathan P. Freier, Lieutenant Colonel Charles R. Burnett, Colonel William J. Cain, Jr., Lieutenant Colonel Christopher D. Compton, Lieutenant Colonel Sean M. Hankard, Professor Robert S. Hume, Lieutenant Colonel Gary R. Kramlich, II, Colonel J. Matthew Lissner, Lieutenant Colonel Tobin A. Magsig, Colonel Daniel E. Mouton, Mr. Michael S. Muztafago, Colonel James M. Schultze, Professor John F. Troxell, Lieutenant Colonel Dennis G. Wille.
    View the Executive Summary

    This report concludes gray zone competition and conflict will persist as Department of Defense (DoD) pacers for the foreseeable future. It describes trends contributing to the emergence of gray zone challenges, major gray zone archetypes, and their defense implications and finally, specific recommendations for more activist and adaptive DoD responses to persistent gray zone provocation.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added May 23, 2016

    Strategic Landpower and a Resurgent Russia: An Operational Approach to Deterrence, A U.S. Army War College Integrated Research Project in Support of U.S. European Command and U.S. Army Europe

    Authored by Lieutenant Colonel R. Reed Anderson, Colonel Patrick J. Ellis, Lieutenant Colonel Antonio M. Paz, Lieutenant Colonel Kyle A. Reed, Lieutenant Colonel Lendy Renegar, Lieutenant Colonel John T. Vaughan.
    View the Executive Summary

    Is the U.S. Army prepared to address the challenge that Russia poses to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) alliance in Europe? This monograph critically examines the American military response to Russia's invasion and dismemberment of Ukraine, and it offers an array of practical solutions designed to reinforce efforts to date.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added April 07, 2016

    Starting Strong: Talent-Based Branching of Newly Commissioned U.S. Army Officers

    Authored by Lieutenant Colonel (Ret) Michael J. Colarusso, Lieutenant Colonel Kenneth G. Heckel, Colonel David S. Lyle, Lieutenant Colonel William L. Skimmyhorn.
    View the Executive Summary

    This monograph examines a new talent management approach to assigning commissioned officers to their initial Army basic branches, highlighting its increased potential for long-run officer productivity, engagement, and satisfaction.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added April 04, 2016

    Operating in the Gray Zone: An Alternative Paradigm for U.S. Military Strategy

    Authored by Dr. Antulio J. Echevarria, II.
    View the Executive Summary

    The idea of gray zone wars is not new, but why does the West think it is and why has it struggled to deal with it? How can the West adjust its way of thinking about strategy and war to operate better in the gray zone?

  • Publication cover with title

    Added March 31, 2016

    The East Mediterranean Triangle at Crossroads

    Authored by Dr. Jean-Loup Samaan.
    View the Executive Summary

    The evolving dynamics in the East Mediterranean Triangle, composed of Israel, Turkey, and Greece, reveal key security and economic trends that have direct implications for the United States and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).

  • Publication cover with title

    Added March 15, 2016

    Old and New Insurgency Forms

    Authored by Dr. Robert J. Bunker.
    View the Executive Summary

    While the study of insurgency extends well over 100 years and has its origins in the guerrilla and small wars of the 19th century and beyond, almost no cross-modal analysis—that is, dedicated insurgency form typology identification—has been conducted. This monograph creates a proposed insurgency typology divided into legacy, contemporary, and emergent and potential insurgency forms, and provides strategic implications for U.S. defense policy as they relate to each of these forms.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added January 29, 2016

    The Army War College Review Vol. 2 No. 1

    Edited by Dr. Larry D Miller.
    The Army War College Review, a refereed publication of student work, is produced under the purview of the Strategic Studies Institute and the United States Army War College. An electronic quarterly, The AWC Review connects student intellectual work with professionals invested in U.S. national security, Landpower, strategic leadership, global security studies, and the advancement of the profession of arms.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added January 24, 2016

    Military Engagement and Forward Presence: Down but Not Out as Tools to Shape and Win

    Authored by Dr. John R. Deni.
    View the Executive Summary

    Forward military presence and, when employed selectively, military engagement – can promote stability and security and can contribute dramatically to operational capacity and capability across a range of military operations, including major interstate war. Unfortunately, significant cuts to overseas permanent presence and continuing pockets of institutional bias against engagement as a force multiplier and readiness enhancer have combined to limit the leverage possible through these two policy tools.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added December 31, 2015

    Strategy and Grand Strategy: What Students and Practitioners Need to Know

    Authored by Dr. Tami Davis Biddle.
    View the Executive Summary

    Explaining why the practice of strategy is such a difficult and demanding art, Dr. Tami Davis Biddle offers a clear-headed critique that will be illuminating for students and practitioners alike. Relying on a broad base of classic and contemporary literature, she reveals why the logic of strategy often rests on weak foundations, and why—even when that logic is sound—the myriad problems of implementation will tend to erode and undermine the link between ends and means.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added December 23, 2015

    Reforming U.S. Export Controls Reforms: Advancing U.S. Army Interests

    Authored by Dr. Richard Weitz.
    View the Executive Summary

    The International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) help prevent potential foreign adversaries from using U.S. arms against the United States and its allies. However, the Regulations, as enforced, can weaken U.S. national security in other important ways.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added December 22, 2015

    Underestimated: Our Not So Peaceful Nuclear Future

    Authored by Mr. Henry D. Sokolski.
    View the Executive Summary

    Underestimated: Our Not So Peaceful Nuclear Future explores what nuclear future we may face over the next 3 decades and how we currently think about this future. Will nuclear weapons spread in the next 20 years to more nations than just North Korea and possibly Iran? How great will the consequences be? What can be done?

  • Publication cover with title

    Added December 18, 2015

    Enabling Others to Win in a Complex World: Maximizing Security Force Assistance Potential in the Regionally Aligned Brigade Combat Team

    Authored by CPT (P) Liam P. Walsh.
    View the Executive Summary

    Despite significant U.S. Army efforts at providing security force assistance (SFA) during Operation IRAQI FREEDOM, the performance of the Iraqi Security Forces against the Islamic State in the summer of 2014 raises questions about the conventional Army’s ability to train host nation security forces. Focusing on the brigade combat team (BCT), this monograph examines SFA efforts in Iraq and provides recommendations to maximize SFA capabilities in the regionally aligned BCT.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added December 16, 2015

    Autonomous Weapon Systems: A Brief Survey of Developmental, Operational, Legal, and Ethical Issues

    Authored by Jeffrey L. Caton.
    View the Executive Summary

    What does the Department of Defense hope to gain from the use of autonomous weapon systems (AWS)? This Letort Paper explores a diverse set of complex issues related to the developmental, operational, legal, and ethical aspects of AWS.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added December 15, 2015

    Lethal and Legal? The Ethics of Drone Strikes

    Authored by Dr. Shima D. Keene.
    View the Executive Summary

    With greatly increased lethal use of unmanned aerial vehicles comes greater scrutiny and controversy. This monograph lays out the ethical and legal landscape in which drone killings take place and makes key recommendations both for ensuring legality and a sound moral basis for operations, but also for ensuring those operations are effective.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added December 11, 2015

    The Human Terrain System: Operationally Relevant Social Science Research in Iraq and Afghanistan

    Authored by Dr. Christopher Sims.
    View the Executive Summary

    Investigation of the experiences and insights of social scientists that conducted research at the tactical level in Iraq and Afghanistan offers a nuanced examination of the challenges posed by those conflicts. This book explains how a military crisis catalyzed the creation of the Human Terrain System and traces its effect through interviews with former program members.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added December 02, 2015

    Mastering the Gray Zone: Understanding a Changing Era of Conflict

    Authored by Dr. Michael J. Mazarr.
    View the Executive Summary

    This study examines the growing use of “gray zone” campaigns and techniques to achieve national goals. It assesses the character of these challenges, offers a number of hypotheses to help understand their strategic implications, and makes policy recommendations to deal with these increasingly important forms of statecraft.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added November 30, 2015

    The New Arab Regional Order: Opportunities and Challenges for U.S. Policy

    Authored by Gregory Aftandilian.
    View the Executive Summary

    This monograph explores the new Arab regional order that has arisen in the past few years, made up of Saudi-led alliances in opposition to the Muslim Brotherhood in one grouping and in opposition to the Houthis and other Shia elements in another. It shows how this new order presents challenges and opportunities for the United States, and provides recommendations for U.S. policymakers.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added November 25, 2015

    The Hour of Truth: The Conflict in Ukraine–Implications for Europe’s Energy Security and the Lessons for the U.S. Army

    Authored by Dr. Ariel Cohen, Ivan Benovic.
    View the Executive Summary

    Since the breakup of the Soviet Union, a number of gas disputes between Russia and Central and Eastern European countries have unveiled the strategic dependence of Europe on Russian piped gas. The recent Ukrainian crisis demonstrated that Europe has a desperate need to improve the security of its gas supply.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added November 17, 2015

    From Assistance to Partnership: Morocco and its Foreign Policy in West Africa

    Authored by Dr. Mohammed El-Katiri.
    View the Executive Summary

    This monograph focuses on the geopolitical and economic drivers for the renewed Moroccan interest in West Africa. It also examines how Morocco is conducting its foreign and security policy in a variety of Western African countries. It highlights Morocco’s contribution to counterextremism in West Africa and Sahel regions, through the provision of training to the imams and preachers of African Mosques.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added November 02, 2015

    Training Humans for the Human Domain

    Authored by Dr. Steve Tatham, Keir Giles.
    View the Executive Summary

    Experience from Afghanistan and Iraq has demonstrated the vital nature of understanding human terrain, with conclusions relevant far beyond counterinsurgency operations in the Islamic world. This monograph offers an outline for educating U.S. and allied service personnel in fundamental human domain skills, and argues against their being overlooked in favor of technical solutions.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added October 29, 2015

    Unlocking India’s Strategic Potential in Central Asia

    Authored by Roman Muzalevsky.
    View the Executive Summary

    Select elements of India’s strategic culture and geopolitical constraints account for its limited presence in Central Asia compared to great and middle-ranked powers alike. While Delhi could rely on its own resources to advance its position in Central Asia, it is far better off partnering with Washington. Without such partnership, its positioning in Central Asia and the world will be slower, while its efforts to turn its regional aspirations into influence – severely constrained.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added October 26, 2015

    Breaking the Bathsheba Syndrome: Building a Performance Evaluation System that Promotes Mission Command

    Authored by Colonel Curtis D. Taylor.
    View the Executive Summary

    The Army today is seeking to inculcate a philosophy of mission command across the force based on a culture of mutual trust, clear intent, and decentralized initiative. It is therefore, reasonable to ask if our current performance evaluation system contributes or detracts from such a culture.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added October 26, 2015

    The Real Rebalancing: American Diplomacy and the Tragedy of President Obama’s Foreign Policy

    Authored by Dr. John R. Deni.
    View the Executive Summary

    The Obama administration’s concerted efforts to rebalance American foreign policy away from defense and toward diplomacy and development unfortunately have failed. The continuing militarization of U.S. foreign policy means the Defense Department will remain the preferred means of both legislators and the executive branch for dealing with the greatest challenges facing American national security.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added October 22, 2015

    Arab Threat Perceptions and the Future of the U.S. Military Presence in the Middle East

    Authored by Dr. W. Andrew Terrill.
    View the Executive Summary

    The threat perceptions of many Arab states aligned with the United States have changed significantly as a result of the dramatic events occurring in the region and globally since 2011. This report analyzes these new Arab threat perceptions and considers how the United States can work with its allies to strengthen both U.S. and allied goals in the region.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added October 16, 2015

    The Rise of iWar: Identity, Information, and the Individualization of Modern Warfare

    Authored by Colonel Glenn J. Voelz.
    View the Executive Summary

    During a decade of global counterterrorism operations and two extended counterinsurgency campaigns, the United States was confronted with a new kind of adversary. Without uniforms, flags, and formations, the task of identifying and targeting these combatants represented an unprecedented operational challenge for which Cold War era doctrinal methods were largely unsuited.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added October 14, 2015

    The Army War College Review Vol. 1 No. 3

    Edited by Dr. Larry D Miller.
    The Army War College Review, a refereed publication of student work, is produced under the purview of the Strategic Studies Institute and the United States Army War College. An electronic quarterly, The AWC Review connects student intellectual work with professionals invested in U.S. national security, Landpower, strategic leadership, global security studies, and the advancement of the profession of arms.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added September 29, 2015

    The Ethics of Drone Strikes: Does Reducing the Cost of Conflict Encourage War?

    Authored by Dr. James Igoe Walsh, Dr. Marcus Schulzke.
    View the Executive Summary

    The increasingly frequent use of drones raises profound questions about the nature and morality of warfare involving asymmetrical risks between opposing belligerents. Many have raised questions regarding ethical consequences of the military use of drones.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added September 24, 2015

    The Limits of Offshore Balancing

    Authored by Dr. Hal Brands.
    View the Executive Summary

    This monograph assesses whether “offshore balancing” represents an appropriate and desirable grand strategy for the United States. It argues that the answer is no—that the purported advantages of offshore balancing are frequently overstated, while the likely disadvantages and dangers are significant indeed.

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