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Recent Publications


  • Publication cover with title

    Added February 06, 2017

    The Al-Qaeda Organization and the Islamic State Organization: History, Doctrine, Modus Operandi, and U.S. Policy to Degrade and Defeat Terrorism Conducted in the Name of Sunni Islam

    Authored by Dr. Paul Kamolnick.
    View the Executive Summary

    The al-Qaeda Organization (AQO) and Islamic State Organization (ISO) share an aspiration to re-establish a global Sunni imperium, yet are qualitatively distinct species of transnational terrorist entities. Fully comprehending their unique histories, doctrines, modus operandi, and critical vulnerabilities will greatly assist formulating more effective policy and strategy to expedite their degradation, defeat, and destruction.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added January 24, 2017

    Prospects for the Rule of Law in Cyberspace

    Authored by Mr. Keir Giles.
    View the Executive Summary

    This Letort Paper surveys moves toward establishing international norms and rule of law in cyberspace, and the potential for establishing further internationally agreed upon standards of behavior. It highlights opposing views on the nature of legality in cyberspace; and how and where those views are gaining global support. The survey shows that despite long-term campaigns for new binding international treaties, at present bilateral confidence building agreements and commercial interaction are the strongest drivers for norms building.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added January 17, 2017

    Emerging Powers and Future Threats: Implications for the U.S. and Global Defense Industry

    Authored by Dr. Terrence R. Guay.
    View the Executive Summary

    This Letort Paper examines the defense industrial bases of Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa (BRICS), and Turkey, and the economic, political, and social factors that will influence their development in the coming years. In light of events in these countries and the structure of the global arms production and trade, four recommendations are made to maintain the national security interests of the United States.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added December 21, 2016

    Preparing for War? Moscow Facing an Arc of Crisis

    Authored by Dr. Andrew Monaghan.
    View the Executive Summary

    The Russian state is mobilizing. The top leadership is moving the country onto a war footing in order to address what Moscow sees as an arc of crisis around Russia.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added December 14, 2016

    The COIN Conundrum: The Future of Counterinsurgency and U.S. Land Power

    Authored by Dr. Thomas R. Mockaitis.
    View the Executive Summary

    Counterinsurgency (COIN) continues to be a controversial subject among military leaders. This engaging monograph examines how the U.S. Army has absorbed the lessons of Iraq and Afghanistan and assesses its ability to combat insurgencies, while maintaining preparedness to perform other missions.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added December 12, 2016

    Enhancing Identity Development at Senior Service Colleges

    Authored by Dr. Thomas P. Galvin.
    View the Executive Summary

    Professional identity development is vitally important for senior leaders, hence it is included in both Joint Professional Military Education (JPME) policy and Senior Service College (SSC) programs. However, because identity development is not measurable in the same way as skills and knowledge, it is too often overlooked or assumed away. For example, the most recent Joint officer education policy does not include guidance or direction to operationalize identity development in curricula. This Letort Paper examines identity development and offers an approach based on current work in the U.S. Army War College’s (USAWC’s) resident program.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added December 09, 2016

    Military Contingencies in Megacities and Sub-Megacities

    Authored by Dr. Phil Williams, Mr. Werner Selle.
    View the Executive Summary

    This monograph looks at the possibility of a U.S. military contingency in a megacity. It examines key aspects of urbanization, identifies the kind of contingencies that might occur, and considers what needs to be done in terms of intelligence preparation for the urban battlefield, recruitment that is more selective, enhanced training, better equipment, and more effective tactics.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added December 02, 2016

    Deterring Cybertrespass and Securing Cyberspace: Lessons from United States Border Control Strategies

    Authored by Dr. Mary Manjikian.
    View the Executive Summary

    Military thinkers commonly draw upon nuclear strategy when thinking about deterrence, however, sociologists, criminologists, and psychologists also consider how to deter individuals and groups from engaging in dangerous or deviant behaviors. In considering the problems of hacking and cybertrespass, we can thus draw upon strategies that criminologists and immigration experts use to deter undocumented immigrants from attempting to cross physical borders. Many lessons on deterring physical trespass can be adapted to deterring cybertrespass as well.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added November 22, 2016

    Should We Let the Bomb Spread?

    Edited by Mr. Henry D. Sokolski.
    View the Executive Summary

    With nuclear proliferation in South Asia, the Middle East, and East Asia intensifying, the spread of nuclear arms increasingly is viewed as being more of a fact than a problem to be solved. However, is proliferation truly inevitable? More important, will it bring disastrous wars, a new era of mutually deterred peace, or is it ultimately inconsequential? This volume taps the nation’s leading nuclear deterrence and proliferation experts for the answers. The result is a rich debate that goes well beyond current scholarship to challenge the very basis of prevailing nonproliferation and security policies.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added November 07, 2016

    Alternative Governance Structures in Megacities: Threats or Opportunities?

    Authored by Ms. Diane E. Chido.
    View the Executive Summary

    It has come to be a “given” that the U.S. military will one day have to operate in a megacity, whether under combat or stabilization conditions or for disaster relief. Developing a flexible toolkit of currently available and vetted resources to understand the alternative governance structures existing or emerging in that environment would provide crucial foreknowledge for planners and operators alike.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added November 01, 2016

    U.S.-China Competition: Asia-Pacific Land Force Implications A U.S. Army War College Integrated Research Project in Support of U.S. Army Pacific Command and Headquarters, Department of the Army, Directorate of Strategy and Policy (HQDA G-35)

    Edited by Prof. William G. Braun, III, Dr. David Lai.
    View the Executive Summary

    This report examines U.S.-China gray zone competition in the Asia-Pacific and the development of land force relevant recommendations to improve the U.S.’s competitive edge.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added October 25, 2016

    The Quest for Military Cooperation in North Africa: Prospects and Challenges

    Authored by Dr. Mohammed El-Katiri.
    View the Executive Summary

    The deterioration of the security situation in most North African countries in the post-Arab Spring era has spurred a variety of urgently-needed security and military cooperation initiatives in the region. However, attempts to construct a security cooperation framework on more than a bilateral or trilateral basis have failed due to a variety of long-standing political and security challenges.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added October 04, 2016

    The Army War College Review Vol. 2 No. 3

    Edited by Dr. Larry D Miller.
    The Army War College Review, a refereed publication of student work, is produced under the purview of the Strategic Studies Institute and the United States Army War College. An electronic quarterly, The AWC Review connects student intellectual work with professionals invested in U.S. national security, Landpower, strategic leadership, global security studies, and the advancement of the profession of arms.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added September 06, 2016

    An Arab NATO in the Making? Middle Eastern Military Cooperation Since 2011

    Authored by Dr. Florence Gaub.
    View the Executive Summary

    Military cooperation and alliances have not been a consistent or successful feature in the Middle East and North Africa. Since 2011, incentives to join forces have arisen and given way to several initiatives to that effect—but will they succeed?

  • Publication cover with title

    Added August 16, 2016

    Investigating the Benefits and Drawbacks of Realigning the National Guard Under the Department of Homeland Security

    Authored by Dr. Ryan Burke, Dr. Sue McNeil.
    View the Executive Summary

    Part I of the 2014-2015 Army War College’s Key Strategic Issues List (KSIL)–Army Priorities for Strategic Analysis—asks: “Given the growing importance of homeland defense, what would be the benefits and drawbacks of realigning the [National] Guard under the department of Homeland Security to enhance domestic security and disaster response, while retaining utility for overseas missions in support of the Department of Defense?” (pg. 10). This monograph attempts to answer this question through analysis of interview data from subject matter experts in the National Guard and Department of Homeland Security (DHS). The resulting product is a series of recommendations for improving the utility of the National Guard during homeland defense (HD) missions.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added August 11, 2016

    Cyberspace: Malevolent Actors, Criminal Opportunities, and Strategic Competition

    Edited by Dr. Phil Williams, Dr. Dighton Fiddner.
    View the Executive Summary

    Cyberspace: Malevolent Actors, Criminal Opportunities, and Strategic Competition examines the challenges posed by the unique nature of cyberspace; differences between cyberthreats and more traditional challenges to national security; the range of possible responses to cyberthreats, and the relevance of traditional strategic concepts to potential confrontations in cyberspace. This volume is designed to inform and provoke, as well as to assist civilian and military national security, commerce, public sector, and academic decision-makers in understanding the sheer complexity and dynamism of both cyberspace and its associated insecurities.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added August 10, 2016

    The Pivot to Asia: Can it Serve as the Foundation for American Grand Strategy in the 21st Century

    Authored by Dr. Douglas Stuart.
    View the Executive Summary

    Two years after coming to office, U.S. President Barack Obama designated the Indo-Asia-Pacific (IAP) region as his top strategic priority. This study argues that this was the right decision, and then looks at the challenges that the United States has confronted in its efforts to accomplish this “pivot strategy.”

  • Publication cover with title

    Added July 31, 2016

    2016-17 Key Strategic Issues List

    Edited by Professor John F. Troxell.
    Update 8/16: The signed version of the 2016-2017 KSIL is now posted

  • Publication cover with title

    Added July 18, 2016

    The Army War College Review Vol. 2 No. 2

    Edited by Dr. Larry D Miller.
    The Army War College Review, a refereed publication of student work, is produced under the purview of the Strategic Studies Institute and the United States Army War College. An electronic quarterly, The AWC Review connects student intellectual work with professionals invested in U.S. national security, Landpower, strategic leadership, global security studies, and the advancement of the profession of arms.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added July 14, 2016

    Taking the Fight to the Enemy: Chinese Thinking about Long-Distance and Expeditionary Operations

    Authored by Dr. Larry M. Wortzel.
    View the Executive Summary

    This Letort Paper examines a genre of military publications inside the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) that advocates the development of the capacity to hold a distant enemy’s population and homeland at risk in a conflict. This Paper also assesses a series of military exercises and changes in force posture that would make the PLA more capable of expeditionary operations.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added June 29, 2016

    NATO Cyberspace Capability: A Strategic and Operational Evolution

    Authored by Mr. Jeffrey L. Caton.
    View the Executive Summary

    Bolstered by numerous cyber attacks, such as those in Estonia in 2007, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization’s (NATO’s) priorities were formalized in subsequent cyber defense policies adopted in 2008, 2011, and 2014. If indeed the decision is made to pursue military action in the cyberspace realm, what capabilities are available within NATO forces to accomplish such activities?

  • Publication cover with title

    Added June 22, 2016

    India's Evolving Nuclear Force and Implications for U.S. Strategy in the Asia-Pacific

    Authored by Mr. Yogesh Joshi, Dr. Frank O'Donnell, Dr. Harsh V. Pant.
    View the Executive Summary

    This Letort Paper investigates the present status and contours of Indian nuclear force development, nuclear doctrinal views, and nonproliferation policy, before illustrating the effects of these emerging developments for Asian security and U.S. regional interests.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added June 14, 2016

    Honduras: A Pariah State, or Innovative Solutions to Organized Crime Deserving U.S. Support?

    Authored by Dr. R. Evan Ellis.
    View the Executive Summary

    In Honduras, one of the nations in Latin America most impacted by transnational organized crime and violent street gangs, the government of President Juan Orlando Hernandez has reduced murders by almost a quarter in 3 years. Hernandez, with U.S. help, has dismantled the leadership of the nation’s two principal narcotrafficking transport groups, the Cachiros and the Los Valles, as well as significantly reducing the use of the country as a transit zone by narco flights and other drug trafficking operations. His initiatives include the controversial creation of a new police force within the military, the Policía Militar del Orden Público (Military Police of Public Order [PMOP]), and a creative new interagency structure, de la Fuerza de Seguridad Interinstitucional Nacional (the National Inter-Agency Security Force [FUSINA]), integrating the military, police, prosecutors, special judges, and other state resources to combat organized crime and delinquency in the country. This monograph by SSI Professor R. Evan Ellis explores the evolution of organized crime and gangs in Honduras and the innovative approaches of the Hernandez administration to combat these threats, which have significantly challenged governance and prosperity in not only Honduras, but also its neighbors.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added June 07, 2016

    Outplayed: Regaining Strategic Initiative in the Gray Zone, A Report Sponsored by the Army Capabilities Integration Center in Coordination with Joint Staff J-39/Strategic Multi-Layer Assessment Branch

    Authored by Mr. Nathan P. Freier, Lieutenant Colonel Charles R. Burnett, Colonel William J. Cain, Jr., Lieutenant Colonel Christopher D. Compton, Lieutenant Colonel Sean M. Hankard, Professor Robert S. Hume, Lieutenant Colonel Gary R. Kramlich, II, Colonel J. Matthew Lissner, Lieutenant Colonel Tobin A. Magsig, Colonel Daniel E. Mouton, Mr. Michael S. Muztafago, Colonel James M. Schultze, Professor John F. Troxell, Lieutenant Colonel Dennis G. Wille.
    View the Executive Summary

    This report concludes gray zone competition and conflict will persist as Department of Defense (DoD) pacers for the foreseeable future. It describes trends contributing to the emergence of gray zone challenges, major gray zone archetypes, and their defense implications and finally, specific recommendations for more activist and adaptive DoD responses to persistent gray zone provocation.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added May 23, 2016

    Strategic Landpower and a Resurgent Russia: An Operational Approach to Deterrence, A U.S. Army War College Integrated Research Project in Support of U.S. European Command and U.S. Army Europe

    Authored by Lieutenant Colonel R. Reed Anderson, Colonel Patrick J. Ellis, Lieutenant Colonel Antonio M. Paz, Lieutenant Colonel Kyle A. Reed, Lieutenant Colonel Lendy Renegar, Lieutenant Colonel John T. Vaughan.
    View the Executive Summary

    Is the U.S. Army prepared to address the challenge that Russia poses to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) alliance in Europe? This monograph critically examines the American military response to Russia's invasion and dismemberment of Ukraine, and it offers an array of practical solutions designed to reinforce efforts to date.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added April 07, 2016

    Starting Strong: Talent-Based Branching of Newly Commissioned U.S. Army Officers

    Authored by Lieutenant Colonel (Ret) Michael J. Colarusso, Lieutenant Colonel Kenneth G. Heckel, Colonel David S. Lyle, Lieutenant Colonel William L. Skimmyhorn.
    View the Executive Summary

    This monograph examines a new talent management approach to assigning commissioned officers to their initial Army basic branches, highlighting its increased potential for long-run officer productivity, engagement, and satisfaction.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added April 04, 2016

    Operating in the Gray Zone: An Alternative Paradigm for U.S. Military Strategy

    Authored by Dr. Antulio J. Echevarria, II.
    View the Executive Summary

    The idea of gray zone wars is not new, but why does the West think it is and why has it struggled to deal with it? How can the West adjust its way of thinking about strategy and war to operate better in the gray zone?

  • Publication cover with title

    Added March 31, 2016

    The East Mediterranean Triangle at Crossroads

    Authored by Dr. Jean-Loup Samaan.
    View the Executive Summary

    The evolving dynamics in the East Mediterranean Triangle, composed of Israel, Turkey, and Greece, reveal key security and economic trends that have direct implications for the United States and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).

  • Publication cover with title

    Added March 15, 2016

    Old and New Insurgency Forms

    Authored by Dr. Robert J. Bunker.
    View the Executive Summary

    While the study of insurgency extends well over 100 years and has its origins in the guerrilla and small wars of the 19th century and beyond, almost no cross-modal analysis—that is, dedicated insurgency form typology identification—has been conducted. This monograph creates a proposed insurgency typology divided into legacy, contemporary, and emergent and potential insurgency forms, and provides strategic implications for U.S. defense policy as they relate to each of these forms.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added January 29, 2016

    The Army War College Review Vol. 2 No. 1

    Edited by Dr. Larry D Miller.
    The Army War College Review, a refereed publication of student work, is produced under the purview of the Strategic Studies Institute and the United States Army War College. An electronic quarterly, The AWC Review connects student intellectual work with professionals invested in U.S. national security, Landpower, strategic leadership, global security studies, and the advancement of the profession of arms.

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