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Military Strategy and Policy Studies

Added October 16, 2014
Type: Monograph
Distinguishing Acts of War in Cyberspace: Assessment Criteria, Policy Considerations, and Response Implications. Authored by Jeffery L. Caton.
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Currently, there is no internationally accepted definition of when hostile actions in cyberspace are recognized as attacks, let alone acts of war. Although many of the challenges associated with this conundrum are common with those of the traditional domains (land, sea, and air), how should senior policymakers and decisionmakers address the unique vexations related to the complex and dynamic character of conflict in the cyberspace domain?
Added October 01, 2014
Type: Monograph
United States-Gulf Cooperation Council Security Coopeeration in a Multipolar World. Authored by Dr. Mohammed El-Katiri.
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Military and security cooperation with Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) states is of continuing importance for the United States given the region's pivotal location in the Middle East and proximity to Iran. This monograph examines recent developments in the political and economic dynamics in GCC countries and their neighbors, and the potential implications for this cooperation.
Added September 11, 2014
Type: Monograph
After the Spring: Reforming Arab Armies. Authored by Dr. Florence Gaub.
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The Arab Spring has returned Arab military forces and their necessity for reform to the forefront. Outside actors, such as the United States, are now asked to rethink their security assistance in broader terms, shifting toward comprehensive security sector reform. As several countries are facing large-scale security implosion, terrorism, politicization of the military and protracted instability, the time for reform was never more imminent than now.
Added September 10, 2014
Type: Monograph
Turkey's New Regional Security Role: Implications for the United States. Authored by Dr. Richard Weitz.
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Why is a partnership between Turkey and the United States important? What must be done to create and keep a partnership that is advantageous to both countries?
Added September 09, 2014
Type: Book
Political and Socio-Economic Change: Revolutions and Their Implications for the U.S. Military. Edited by Dr. John R. Deni.
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Managing change in the international security environment—whether revolutionary or evolutionary in nature—is never an uncomplicated task. The authors address the military implications of political and social change in the Middle East, North Africa, and Latin America.
Added September 05, 2014
Type: Book
The U.S.-India Relationship: Cross-Sector Collaboration To Promote Sustainable Development. Edited by Dr. Michael J. Fratantuono, Dr. David M. Sarcone, John D. Colwell, Jr.
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Within the context of the U.S.-India Strategic Relationship and in light of the vital national interests shared by both countries, what factors will contribute to the success of cross-sector collaborative initiatives intended to address challenges associated with sustainable development? What implications do those insights have for strategic leaders in different sectors?
Added September 03, 2014
Type: Monograph
A New Type of Great Power Relationship between the United States and China: The Military Dimension. Authored by Professor Geoffrey Till.
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President Xi Jinping's recent suggestion that a newly empowered China and the United States adopt a relationship that is new and different from previous relations between the great powers provides an ideal opportunity for the United States to consider its strategic options in the region.
Added August 26, 2014
Type: Monograph
Russia and the Caspian Sea: Projecting Power or Competing for Influence? Authored by Dr. Tracey German.
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A clear understanding of Russian strategic thinking and threat perception concerning the Caspian Sea is vital in order to facilitate effective U.S. policy in the wider Caucasus and Central Asian region.
Added August 08, 2014
Type: Book
Strategic Retrenchment and Renewal in the American Experience. Edited by Dr. Peter Feaver.
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Amid fiscal austerity and international crisis, should the United States seek to renew its global leadership, or retrench its geopolitical commitments? This volume brings historical and theoretical insights to bear on that question through a series of essays that examine the current debate as well as past episodes in which American leaders were confronted with similar choices.
Added August 06, 2014
Type: Monograph
Strategic Implications of the Evolving Shanghai Cooperation Organization. Authored by Henry Plater-Zyberk, Dr. Andrew Monaghan.
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The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) has the potential to obstruct U.S. policy aims in Central Asia, but also to facilitate them. However, both of these potentials are imperfectly understood. This monograph explains the SCO, and its real implications for U.S. policy toward both Central Asia and the SCO’s dominant partners, Russia and China.
Added July 25, 2014
Type: Book
Visual Propaganda and Extremism in the Online Environment. Authored by Dr. Carol K. Winkler, Dr. Cori E. Dauber.
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Visual images have been a central component of propaganda for as long as propaganda has been produced. Terrorist groups, with very little initial investment, are making videos that are coming so close to the quality of BBC or CNN broadcasts that the difference is meaningless, and with access to the web, they have instantaneous access to a global audience.
Added July 21, 2014
Type: Monograph
Revival of Political Islam in the Aftermath of Arab Uprisings: Implications for the Region and Beyond. Authored by Dr. Mohammed El-Katiri.
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The rise to power of Islamist political parties in a number of North African states over the past 3 years has caused widespread concern over the future domestic and foreign policy directions of those states. This monograph explores political change in Egypt, Tunisia, and Morocco, and concludes that despite political crises in each country, worst case scenarios have not been borne out and there is hope for optimism.
Added July 17, 2014
Type: Monograph
European Missile Defense and Russia. Authored by Keir Giles, Dr. Andrew Monaghan.
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Strong Russian opposition to U.S. plans for ballistic missile defense (BMD) in Europe is likely to intensify further through 2015-16 as Phase III of the European Phased Adaptive Approach is implemented. This monograph examines a number of fundamental reasons—some valid, some spurious—why Russia is alarmed at U.S. BMD plans, and provides recommendations for managing the missile defense dialogue with Russia in the future in order to mitigate potentially damaging responses.
Added July 08, 2014
Type: Monograph
Russia's Contribution as a Partner in the War on Terrorism. Authored by Henry Plater-Zyberk.
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Russia and the United States have a common interest in fighting the threat of Islamist terrorism. In practice, however, efforts to achieve cooperation in this area have been hampered by differing concepts of terror and how to counter it, and institutional and procedural incompatibility between the two nations. This monograph explores counter-terrorism from a Russian viewpoint, in order to assess prospects for meaningful practical cooperation in this field with the United States.
Added June 26, 2014
Type: Monograph
Democratization and Instability in Ukraine, Georgia, and Belarus. Authored by Dr. Robert Nalbandov.
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Ukraine, Georgia, and Belarus have remarkable variance and incongruence between their levels of democratization, political stability, and economic development. This monograph by Dr. Robert Nalbandov explains the reasons for the different indicators in the three categories and explains the successes and failures of the democratization efforts in three post-Soviet countries.
Added June 24, 2014
Type: Monograph
The Paracel Islands and U.S. Interests and Approaches in the South China Sea. Authored by Lieutenant Colonel Clarence J. Bouchat (USAF, Ret.).
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Learn how the Paracel Islands disputes act as a primer about the South China Sea conflicts and U.S., Vietnamese, and Chinese relations in the region. This analysis may help the reader better understand these disputes, and how the United States may address them.
Added June 19, 2014
Type: Monograph
Operational Reservations: Considerations for a Total Army Force. Authored by COL John D. Ellis, COL (Ret.) Laura McKnight Mackenzie.
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Despite fighting shoulder-to-shoulder this past decade, the U.S. Army is comprised of essentially “three Armies”—the active component, the Army Reserve, and the National Guard. While an intriguing start to integrate the three components, the Army Total Force Policy is not a panacea for reform. Real and meaningful work still needs to be done to bring the three into effective alignment and in a way to foster cooperation and mutual respect.
Added June 17, 2014
Type: Book
Moving Beyond Pretense: Nuclear Power and Nonproliferation. Edited by Mr. Henry D. Sokolski.
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The further proliferation and possible use of nuclear weapons are among the very greatest threats to U.S. and international security, yet most governments and industry officials downplay the risks of civilian nuclear technology and materials being diverted to make bombs. They use this optimistic assessment in formulating U.S. and international nuclear trade and nonproliferation policies. This volume taps the insights and analyses of 13 top nuclear and security experts to weigh the validity of their narrative. The result is a comprehensive counternarrative that recommends a significant tightening of current nonproliferation controls.
Added June 17, 2014
Type: Other
2014-15 Key Strategic Issues List. Edited by Professor John F. Troxell.
For several years, the Strategic Studies Institute (SSI) has annually published the Key Strategic Issues List (KSIL). The purpose of this document is to make students and other researchers aware of strategic topics that are of special interest to the U.S. Army. Part I of KSIL is entitled "Army Priorities for Strategic Analysis" (APSA) and is a list of high-priority topics organized to support the Army's five strategic objectives as identified in the "2014 Army Strategic Planning Guidance." Students and researchers are encouraged to get in touch with the topic sponsors listed in the document. Thorough research and solid arguments on these topics are extremely important to the Army in this period of transition and geopolitical uncertainty. On August 13, Part II entitled "Command Sponsored Research Topics" was released. Part II includes topics of critical importance to various joint commands, and major commands and other organizations within the Army. Make sure to bookmark this link to stay up to date on any changes as other parts and updates will be releasing soon.
Added June 13, 2014
Type: Letort Papers
Countering Radicalization and Recruitment to Al-Qaeda: Fighting the War of Deeds. Authored by Dr. Paul Kamolnick.
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Fighting the War of Deeds begins by taking deeds seriously—deadly serious—as action, policy, and communication. As communication, deeds furnish the U.S. Government a uniquely potent means for countering al-Qaeda’s terrorist propaganda effectively, and also building longer-term alliances based on mutuality with the Arab and Muslim world.
Added June 13, 2014
Type: Monograph
The Growing Complexity of Sino-Indian Ties. Authored by Dr. Harsh V. Pant.
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This monograph examines the evolution on Sino-India ties over the last few decades and the constraints that continue to inhibit this relationship from achieving its full potential before delineating the implications of this for the United States and the wider international system.
Added June 13, 2014
Type: Other
Memorandum for the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff: Secure Balance and Flexibility In Future Joint Forces. Authored by Mr. Nathan P. Freier.
The 25th Annual U.S. Army War College Strategy Conference "Balancing the Joint Force to Meet Future Security Challenges" occurred against the backdrop of a complicated decision making environment. It sought establish a context for future military decision making based on two foundational questions: what are the most important military demands facing U.S./partner forces through the next decade and how should they think about confronting them? The author endeavors to describe the context that emerged here.
Added June 03, 2014
Type: Monograph
The Future of American Landpower: Does Forward Presence Still Matter? The Case of the Army in the Pacific. Authored by Dr. John R. Deni.
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The U.S. Army's forward presence in the Pacific theater is long overdue for reconsideration and reconceptualization. Without unduly harming America's commitment to deterrence on the Korean peninsula, the Army forward presence could be reshaped and reconfigured to enable the United States to more effectively and more efficiently achieve its objectives across the Indo-Asia-Pacific region.
Added May 16, 2014
Type: Monograph
From War to Deterrence? Israel-Hezbollah Conflict Since 2006. Authored by Dr. Jean-Loup Samaan.
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Over the last 7 years, the border between Israel and Lebanon has remained quiet. Against all odds, in a Middle East experiencing tremendous challenges, Israel and Hezbollah did not trigger a new conflict. Here is the paradox of stability between these two foes which is at the origin of this monograph.
Added May 13, 2014
Type: Monograph
Soldiers of Misfortune? Authored by Dr. Thomas R. Mockaitis.
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What roles have security contractors played in missions in Iraq and Afghanistan?
Added May 06, 2014
Type: Monograph
The Resurgence of Al-Qaeda in Syria and Iraq. Authored by Dr. Azeem Ibrahim.
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The Syrian civil war has allowed al-Qaeda to recover from its setbacks up to 2010. Syria has also seen a civil war between two al-Qaeda inspired factions (Al Nusrah and the Iraq based Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant) and indicates there are limits to its ability to cooperate with other anti-Assad factions and gain popular appeal.
Added May 05, 2014
Type: Letort Papers
Russian Military Transformation - Goal In Sight? Authored by Keir Giles, Dr. Andrew Monaghan.
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This Letort Paper assesses the range of options available to Russia for closing the capability gap with the United States and its allies, the authors review a flawed political perception of the key threats facing Russia and the challenges facing Russia’s military transformation.
Added May 02, 2014
Type: Monograph
Russia After Putin. Authored by Dr. Richard J. Krickus.
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This monograph addresses the question: "What next after Putin?" The answer will have a profound impact on U.S.-Russian relations—in particular, the capacity to forge a security relationship. The campaign to eliminate Syria's chemical weapons indicates that a new "reset" is in the making.
Added April 25, 2014
Type: Monograph
The Evolution of Los Zetas in Mexico and Central America: Sadism as an Instrument of Cartel Warfare. Authored by Dr. George W. Grayson.
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Few cartel leaders acquire fame for culinary skills. However, Miguel Ángel “El 40” Treviño Morales, the sadistic erstwhile chief of Los Zetas, became skilled in preparing "el guiso" (the stew). His recipe is simple. After torturing a victim, even an infant, he plunged him into a 55-gallon pig cooker, doused him with gasoline, and set him on fire.
Added April 22, 2014
Type: Book
Assessing the People's Liberation Army in the Hu Jintao Era. Edited by Mr. Roy Kamphausen, Dr. David Lai, Mr. Travis Tanner.
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How has President Hu Jintao contributed to China’s military modernization?
Added April 16, 2014
Type: Monograph
Augmenting Our Influence: Alliance Revitalization and Partner Development. Edited by Dr. John R. Deni.
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The role of allies and partners in the future of American Landpower is discussed.
Added March 19, 2014
Type: Monograph
Defense Planning for National Security: Navigation Aids for the Mystery Tour. Authored by Dr. Colin S. Gray.
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What do we believe we know about the future with sufficient reliability for it to serve as a basis for defense planning? Science and social science are both utterly disarmed by the complete absence of data about the future, from the future.
Added March 12, 2014
Type: Monograph
Turkey-Kurdish Regional Government Relations After the U.S. Withdrawal From Iraq: Putting the Kurds on the Map? Authored by Bill Park.
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The withdrawal of U.S. combat forces from Iraq at the end of 2011 left behind a set of unresolved problems in the relationship between the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG), and the Federal Government in Baghdad, compounded by Erbil’s subsequent pursuit of an energy relationship with Turkey. This has deepened both Turkish-Iraqi and regional sectarian tensions and, along with developments in Syria, has raised the specter of wider Kurdish self-determination, a prospect that Washington has been slow to recognize.
Added March 11, 2014
Type: Letort Papers
Legality in Cyberspace: An Adversary View. Authored by Keir Giles, Dr. Andrew Monaghan.
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The United States and its allies are in general agreement on the legal status of conflict in cyberspace. But other key cyber actors have radically different ideas on key concepts of cyber warfare, including when a state of war exists. This paper explores the Russian approach to legal constraints governing actions in cyberspace, in order to assist in formulating an effective response to Russian cyber initiatives.