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Retention & Recruitment Studies

Added April 07, 2016
Type: Monograph
Starting Strong: Talent-Based Branching of Newly Commissioned U.S. Army Officers. Authored by Lieutenant Colonel (Ret) Michael J. Colarusso, Lieutenant Colonel Kenneth G. Heckel, Colonel David S. Lyle, Lieutenant Colonel William L. Skimmyhorn.
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This monograph examines a new talent management approach to assigning commissioned officers to their initial Army basic branches, highlighting its increased potential for long-run officer productivity, engagement, and satisfaction.
Added June 30, 2015
Type: Monograph
Paid to Perform: Aligning Total Military Compensation with Talent Management, Vol. 8. Authored by Mr. Roy A. Wallace, Lieutenant Colonel (Ret) Michael J. Colarusso, COL Andrew O. Hall, Colonel David S. Lyle, Major Michael S. Walker.
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Talent-driven officer management demands a compensation system capable of rewarding a diverse range of individual skills, knowledge, and behaviors. This monograph outlines proposed changes to U.S. military officer compensation, providing a set of tools ideally suited to the task of maintaining a competitive edge in defense-specific human capital.
Added January 02, 2015
Type: Monograph
The Effective Use of Reserve Personnel in the U.S. Military: Lessons from the United Kingdom Reserve Model. Authored by Dr. Shima D. Keene.
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Can the U.S. Army and other services benefit from the United Kingdom's program of reserve reform?
Added February 14, 2014
Type: Book
Senior Officer Talent Management: Fostering Institutional Adaptability. Authored by Lieutenant Colonel (Ret) Michael J. Colarusso, Colonel David S. Lyle.
View the Executive Summary

Former Secretary of Defense Robert Gates characterized the "greatest challenges facing the Army" as the "institutional and bureaucratic constipation" of its officer management systems. In this book, Mike Colarusso and Dave Lyle examine the Army's industrial-era personnel practices and prescribe a senior officer talent management approach that they believe is better suited to the demands of tomorrow.
Added July 24, 2013
Type: Monograph
A Framework for Restructuring the Military Retirement System. Authored by Mr. Roy A. Wallace, Colonel David S. Lyle, Dr. John Z. Smith.
View the Executive Summary

The current military retirement system has been integral to sustaining the All Volunteer Force. Current federal budget challenges have raised concern that this program may become fiscally unsustainable.
Added March 10, 2011
Type: Op-Ed
Should ROTC Return to the Ivy League? Authored by LTC Ernest A. Szabo.
Each month a member of the SSI faculty writes an editorial for our monthly newsletter. This is the Op-Ed for the March 2011 newsletter.
Added July 20, 2010
Type: Monograph
Got Vision? Unity of Vision in Policy and Strategy: What It Is and Why We Need It. Authored by Dr. Anna Simons.
Having the right "who" to devise strategy is critical to success in counterinsurgency or any asymmetric, cross-cultural encounter. This monograph contends that if we do not get the "who" right, none of the "whats," in terms of what we do, matters.
Added July 08, 2010
Type: Op-Ed
Enter the Era of Persistent Competition for Talent. Authored by COL Carolyn F. Kleiner.
Each month a member of the SSI faculty writes an editorial for our monthly newsletter. This is the Op-Ed for the July 2010 newsletter.
Added May 05, 2010
Type: Monograph
Towards a U.S. Army Officer Corps Strategy for Success: Employing Talent. Authored by Colonel Casey Wardynski, Colonel David S. Lyle, Lieutenant Colonel (Ret) Michael J. Colarusso.
Historically, the U.S. Army has employed its officers to good effect, but is there need for improvement? Does its current assignments paradigm lead to optimal career satisfaction and productivity? Does it allow officers to develop the depth and breadth of talent the Army needs? Perhaps most importantly, does the Army really know enough about the officer talent it possesses, as well as the requirements for that talent?
Added March 29, 2010
Type: Monograph
Towards a U.S. Army Officer Corps Strategy for Success: Developing Talent. Authored by Colonel Casey Wardynski, Colonel David S. Lyle, Lieutenant Colonel (Ret) Michael J. Colarusso.
The U.S. Army is almost universally acknowledged as an organization that powerfully develops talent in areas such as leadership, teamwork behavior, work ethics, adaptability, fitness, and many others. Employers know that the Army invests substantially in its people, and that this investment translates directly into enhanced productivity. Despite this well-earned reputation, however, are the Army’s current officer development programs equal to tomorrow’s challenges? Does it suffer from a growing imbalance in talent supply versus demand? Perhaps most importantly, is there an effective relationship between its developmental and employment strategies?
Added February 19, 2010
Type: Monograph
Accessing Talent: The Foundation of a U.S. Army Officer Corps Strategy. Authored by Colonel Casey Wardynski, Colonel David S. Lyle, Lieutenant Colonel (Ret) Michael J. Colarusso.
Organizations often focus their recruiting efforts on high-payoff markets--how does the Army identify the right market in which to focus its officer accessions efforts? What role does education play in officer accessions? How does the Army identify and go about meeting its officer diversity requirements? Why is establishing the proper ratio between commissioning sources so important?
Added February 01, 2010
Type: Monograph
The Army Officers' Professional Ethic--Past, Present, and Future. Authored by Colonel Matthew Moten.
Do you think the Army officer corps needs a clear statement of its professional ethic? Colonel Matthew Moten does, and he has written it in one page. Join the debate.

In the Fall of 2013, the author of this monograph, Army Colonel Matthew Moten, chose to retire amid reports of his reprimand for misconduct and removal as head of the U.S. Military Academy's History Department, following an investigation of allegations made against him. Published in 2010, this monograph presents the results of Colonel Moten's critical analysis of an issue important to the Army: deepening our understanding of what the Professional Military Ethic means to the profession today. The monograph remains a solid contribution to the dialogue among professionals the Army leadership sought to ignite. In particular, readers should note well Moten's closing paragraphs:

"Before the Army accepts such a statement of its professional ethic, much debate is in order. Should we use hard phrases such as "total accountability" and "unlimited liability?" What are officers' core responsibilities as leaders and how far do they extend?

How concisely should we explicate our adherence to the principle of civilian control? Should we espouse nonpartisanship as part of our ethic? The debate required to answer such questions will provide impetus for an Army-wide discussion about the profession, its ethical values, and the role that it should play as a servant of American society in the future. Let it begin."

We, at the U.S. Army War College believe the conversation on the Army's professional ethic must continue, and still find value in Moten's 2010 work, notwithstanding the situation that led to his relief.

Added January 28, 2010
Type: Monograph
The Effects of Multiple Deployments on Army Adolescents. Authored by Dr. Leonard Wong, Dr. Stephen J. Gerras.
Frequent U.S. Army deployments increase the burden on children who must face the stress and strain of separation and anxiety. The authors take a much-needed, detailed look at the effects of multiple deployments on Army adolescents.
Added January 15, 2010
Type: Monograph
Towards a U.S. Army Officer Corps Strategy for Success: Retaining Talent. Authored by Colonel Casey Wardynski, Colonel David S. Lyle, Lieutenant Colonel (Ret) Michael J. Colarusso.
Why have Army junior officer retention rates plummeted since 1983? Are the root causes truly understood? What are the long term consequences of failing to retain talented young officers? What steps has the Army taken to meet this challenge, and how effective have they been? What must the Army do to restore junior officer retention rates to previously healthy levels?
Added July 07, 2008
Type: Op-Ed
Expand the U.S. Military? Not So Fast. Authored by Dr. Steven Metz.
Each month a member of the SSI faculty writes an editorial for our monthly newsletter. This is the Op-Ed for the July 2008 newsletter.
Added June 19, 2008
Type: Colloquium Brief
State of the U.S. Military Reserve Components. Authored by Mr. Ralph Wipfli, Dr. Dallas D. Owens.
On March 6, 2008, the 21st Century Defense Initiative and the Strategic Studies Institute held a seminar entitled “The State of the U.S. Military Reserve Components.” This seminar focused on the future mission sets and priorities, personnel policies, and deployment of National Guard and Reserve troops.
Added March 12, 2008
Type: Monograph
Drug Intoxicated Irregular Fighters: Complications, Dangers, and Responses. Authored by Dr. Paul Rexton Kan.
The presence of drugged fighters is not unknown in the history of warfare. Irregular fighters have found a ready supply of narcotics for a variety of combat purposes. Such consumption has led to unpredictable fighting, the commission of atrocities, and to the prolongation of internal violence.
Added January 24, 2008
Type: Student (Carlisle) Papers
Women in Combat Compendium. Edited by Colonel Michele M. Putko, Dr. Douglas V. Johnson, II.
The topic of Women in Combat has been one of great emotion, but uncertain factual content until recently. The rules created to deal with the fact that women want to serve in the armed forces have ranged from silly to serious, but the factual bases have changed and the plea of all the contributors is to review the entire issue with objectivity and attention to the facts as they exist.
Added December 05, 2007
Type: Op-Ed
Is it Time to Mandate Volunteerism? Authored by Dr. Leonard Wong.
Each month a member of the SSI faculty writes an editorial for our monthly newsletter. This is the Op-Ed for the December 2007 newsletter.
Added July 01, 2005
Type: Monograph
Who Stays and Who Goes: Army Enlisted Reserve and National Guard Retention. Authored by Dr. Clayton K. S. Chun.
The author examines Army Reserve and National Guard enlisted retention patterns from 1995-2002. This study provides a necessary background to compare retention patterns in the past from those of today. Reserve component leadership could then assess their personnel retention efforts to adjust appropriate public policies to improve their force structure.
Added June 01, 1999
Type: Book
Population Diversity and the U.S. Army. Edited by Colonel Lloyd J. Matthews, USA Ret., Dr. Tinaz Pavri.
It is an anthology of selected presentations that not only portrays the main challenges confronting those who must staff the future force in the face of unprecedented demographic flux, but also provides the attitudes and hopes of women and minorities who are part of today's Army.