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Military Change & Transformation Studies

Added August 01, 1995
Type: Monograph
The Principles of War in the 21st Century: Strategic Considerations. Authored by Dr. Steven Metz, Professor Douglas C. Lovelace, Jr., Dr. Douglas V. Johnson, II, Dr. William T. Johnsen, LTC James Kievit.
For nearly two centuries, the principles of war have guided practitioners of the military art. During the last 55 years the principles of war have been a key element of U.S. Army doctrine, and recently they have been incorporated into other Service and Joint doctrines. The turn of the 21st century and the dawn of what some herald as the "Information Age," however, may call into question whether principles originally derived in the 19th century and based on the experience of "Industrial Age" armed forces still hold. Moreover, despite their long existence, the applicability of the principles of war at the strategic level of warfare has not been the subject of detailed analysis or assessment.
Added June 01, 1995
Type: Book
The Fog of Peace: The Military Dimensions of the Concert of Europe. Authored by Dr. Daniel Moran.
Last April the Army War College held its Sixth Annual Strategy Conference. The theme of this year's Conference, "Strategy During the Lean Years: Learning From the Past and the Present," brought together scholars, serving and retired officers, and civilian defense officials from the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom to discuss strategy formulation in times of penury from Tacitus to Force XXI.
Added June 01, 1995
Type: Book
Strategy and the Revolution in Military Affairs: From Theory to Policy. Authored by LTC James Kievit, Dr. Steven Metz.
A small band of "RMA" analysts has emerged in the military and Department of Defense, in the academic strategic studies community, and in defense-related think-tanks and consulting firms. To these analysts, the Gulf War provided a vision of a potential revolution in military affairs (RMA) in which Information Age technology would be combined with appropriate doctrine and training to allow a small but very advanced U.S. military to protect national interests with unprecedented efficiency.
Added June 01, 1995
Type: Monograph
The Revolution in Military Affairs: Prospects and Cautions. Authored by Dr. Earl H. Tilford, Jr..
RMAs are driven by more than breakthrough technologies, and while the technological component is important, a true revolution in the way military institutions organize, equip and train for war, and in the way war is itself conducted, depends on the confluence of political, social, and technological factors.
Added June 01, 1995
Type: Book
Time's Cycle and National Military Strategy: The Case for Continuity in a Time of Change. Authored by Dr. David Jablonsky.
Every April the Army War College's Strategic Studies Institute hosts its Annual Strategy Conference. This year's theme, "Strategy During the Lean Years: Learning from the Past and the Present," brought together scholars, serving and retired officers, and civilian defense officials from the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom to discuss strategy formulation during times of penury from Tacitus to Force XXI.
Added June 01, 1995
Type: Book
The Technological Fix: Weapons and the Cost of War. Authored by Dr. Alex Roland.
Indirectly, any military institute operates within its technology context. The Army of today is, for instance, in a period of technological transition from an Industrial Age army to an Information Age army. A tremendous faith in technology is an abiding American characteristic.
Added May 01, 1995
Type: Monograph
NATO Strategy in the 1990s: Reaping the Peace Dividend or the Whirlwind? Authored by Dr. William T. Johnsen.
The 1991 the Strategic Concept represents NATO's response to the dramatically changed security environment in Europe, and the intense desire to reap the resultant "peace dividend." The Strategic Concept dramatically expands the scope of the Alliance's security objectives and functions, takes NATO "out of area," and lays the foundation for massive forces cuts, as well as for a fundamental restructuring of Alliance military forces and command structures.
Added May 01, 1995
Type: Monograph
Making Do with Less, or Coping with Upton's Ghost. Authored by Dr. Eliot A. Cohen.
Each April the Strategic Studies Institute hosts a conference that addresses key strategic issues facing the Armed Forces and the Nation. This year's theme, "Strategy During the Lean Years: Learning from the Past and the Present," brought together scholars, serving and retired military officers, and civilian defense officials from the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom to discuss strategy formulation in times of penury from Tacitus to Force XXI.
Added April 01, 1995
Type: Book
Ready For What and Modernized Against Whom?: A Strategic Perspective on Readiness and Modernization. Authored by Dr. Jeffrey Record.
The U.S. military continues to prepare for large-scale inter-state warfare even though intra-state conflict is the primary source of violence in the post-Soviet era. Conventional "Cold War" force structures are of limited utility against irregular adversaries operating on their own territory. Accordingly, selected conventional force modernization programs should be reexamined and new force structures considered.
Added March 01, 1995
Type: Book
The Army in the Information Age. Authored by General Gordon R. Sullivan, Lieutenant Colonel Anthony M. Coroalles.
They provide insights into three critical areas: the operational environment; the emergence of simultaneity as a unifying concept in Information Age warfare; and, changes that must take place in the planning environment. The authors suggest that the challenge today is to determine what array of capabilities may be needed to perform a broader range of requirements.
Added March 01, 1995
Type: Monograph
Counterforce and Theater Missile Defense: Can the Army Use an ASW Approach to the SCUD Hunt? Authored by Dr. James J. Wirtz.
The Gulf War demonstrated that theater missile defense (TMD) will be an important mission for the U.S. Army and its Patriot defense system in the years ahead. The author suggests that Army planners should view TMD not just as a simple tactical problem, but as an exercise that has important political and strategic ramifications that cut to the core of U.S. efforts to create and maintain international coalitions.
Added February 01, 1995
Type: Monograph
Counterinsurgency: Strategy and the Phoenix of American Capability. Authored by Dr. Steven Metz.
Dr. Steven Metz argues that the way the Department of Defense and U.S. military spend the time when counterinsurgency support is not an important part of American national security strategy determines how quickly and easily they react when policymakers commit the nation to such activity. If analysis and debate continues, at least at a low level, the military is better prepared for the reconstitution of capabilities. If it ignores global developments in insurgency and counterinsurgency, the reconstitution of capabilities would be more difficult.
Added February 01, 1995
Type: Book
World View: The 1995 Strategic Assessment from the Strategic Studies Institute. Edited by Dr. Earl H. Tilford, Jr..
Every year the analysts at the Strategic Studies Institute (SSI) prepare current assessments for their particular areas of interest. These assessments become the bedrock of the annual SSI Study Program. This year's assessments are crucial given the complexities of the post-Cold War world. Russia remains an enigma wrapped in a riddle with Russian national interests very much paramount in the Kremlin's thinking.