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Military Change & Transformation Studies

Added December 09, 2016
Type: Monograph
Military Contingencies in Megacities and Sub-Megacities. Authored by Dr. Phil Williams, Mr. Werner Selle.
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This monograph looks at the possibility of a U.S. military contingency in a megacity. It examines key aspects of urbanization, identifies the kind of contingencies that might occur, and considers what needs to be done in terms of intelligence preparation for the urban battlefield, recruitment that is more selective, enhanced training, better equipment, and more effective tactics.
Added December 02, 2016
Type: Letort Papers
Deterring Cybertrespass and Securing Cyberspace: Lessons from United States Border Control Strategies. Authored by Dr. Mary Manjikian.
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Military thinkers commonly draw upon nuclear strategy when thinking about deterrence, however, sociologists, criminologists, and psychologists also consider how to deter individuals and groups from engaging in dangerous or deviant behaviors. In considering the problems of hacking and cybertrespass, we can thus draw upon strategies that criminologists and immigration experts use to deter undocumented immigrants from attempting to cross physical borders. Many lessons on deterring physical trespass can be adapted to deterring cybertrespass as well.
Added November 22, 2016
Type: Book
Should We Let the Bomb Spread? Edited by Mr. Henry D. Sokolski.
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With nuclear proliferation in South Asia, the Middle East, and East Asia intensifying, the spread of nuclear arms increasingly is viewed as being more of a fact than a problem to be solved. However, is proliferation truly inevitable? More important, will it bring disastrous wars, a new era of mutually deterred peace, or is it ultimately inconsequential? This volume taps the nation’s leading nuclear deterrence and proliferation experts for the answers. The result is a rich debate that goes well beyond current scholarship to challenge the very basis of prevailing nonproliferation and security policies.
Added November 07, 2016
Type: Monograph
Alternative Governance Structures in Megacities: Threats or Opportunities? Authored by Ms. Diane E. Chido.
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It has come to be a “given” that the U.S. military will one day have to operate in a megacity, whether under combat or stabilization conditions or for disaster relief. Developing a flexible toolkit of currently available and vetted resources to understand the alternative governance structures existing or emerging in that environment would provide crucial foreknowledge for planners and operators alike.
Added October 04, 2016
Type: Other
The Army War College Review Vol. 2 No. 3. Edited by Dr. Larry D Miller.
The Army War College Review, a refereed publication of student work, is produced under the purview of the Strategic Studies Institute and the United States Army War College. An electronic quarterly, The AWC Review connects student intellectual work with professionals invested in U.S. national security, Landpower, strategic leadership, global security studies, and the advancement of the profession of arms.
Added August 16, 2016
Type: Monograph
Investigating the Benefits and Drawbacks of Realigning the National Guard Under the Department of Homeland Security. Authored by Dr. Ryan Burke, Dr. Sue McNeil.
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Part I of the 2014-2015 Army War College’s Key Strategic Issues List (KSIL)–Army Priorities for Strategic Analysis—asks: “Given the growing importance of homeland defense, what would be the benefits and drawbacks of realigning the [National] Guard under the department of Homeland Security to enhance domestic security and disaster response, while retaining utility for overseas missions in support of the Department of Defense?” (pg. 10). This monograph attempts to answer this question through analysis of interview data from subject matter experts in the National Guard and Department of Homeland Security (DHS). The resulting product is a series of recommendations for improving the utility of the National Guard during homeland defense (HD) missions.
Added August 11, 2016
Type: Book
Cyberspace: Malevolent Actors, Criminal Opportunities, and Strategic Competition. Edited by Dr. Phil Williams, Dr. Dighton Fiddner.
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Cyberspace: Malevolent Actors, Criminal Opportunities, and Strategic Competition examines the challenges posed by the unique nature of cyberspace; differences between cyberthreats and more traditional challenges to national security; the range of possible responses to cyberthreats, and the relevance of traditional strategic concepts to potential confrontations in cyberspace. This volume is designed to inform and provoke, as well as to assist civilian and military national security, commerce, public sector, and academic decision-makers in understanding the sheer complexity and dynamism of both cyberspace and its associated insecurities.
Added August 10, 2016
Type: Monograph
The Pivot to Asia: Can it Serve as the Foundation for American Grand Strategy in the 21st Century. Authored by Dr. Douglas Stuart.
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Two years after coming to office, U.S. President Barack Obama designated the Indo-Asia-Pacific (IAP) region as his top strategic priority. This study argues that this was the right decision, and then looks at the challenges that the United States has confronted in its efforts to accomplish this “pivot strategy.”
Added July 14, 2016
Type: Letort Papers
Taking the Fight to the Enemy: Chinese Thinking about Long-Distance and Expeditionary Operations. Authored by Dr. Larry M. Wortzel.
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This Letort Paper examines a genre of military publications inside the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) that advocates the development of the capacity to hold a distant enemy’s population and homeland at risk in a conflict. This Paper also assesses a series of military exercises and changes in force posture that would make the PLA more capable of expeditionary operations.
Added June 29, 2016
Type: Monograph
NATO Cyberspace Capability: A Strategic and Operational Evolution. Authored by Mr. Jeffrey L. Caton.
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Bolstered by numerous cyber attacks, such as those in Estonia in 2007, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization’s (NATO’s) priorities were formalized in subsequent cyber defense policies adopted in 2008, 2011, and 2014. If indeed the decision is made to pursue military action in the cyberspace realm, what capabilities are available within NATO forces to accomplish such activities?
Added June 07, 2016
Type: Monograph
Outplayed: Regaining Strategic Initiative in the Gray Zone, A Report Sponsored by the Army Capabilities Integration Center in Coordination with Joint Staff J-39/Strategic Multi-Layer Assessment Branch. Authored by Mr. Nathan P. Freier, Lieutenant Colonel Charles R. Burnett, Colonel William J. Cain, Jr., Lieutenant Colonel Christopher D. Compton, Lieutenant Colonel Sean M. Hankard, Professor Robert S. Hume, Lieutenant Colonel Gary R. Kramlich, II, Colonel J. Matthew Lissner, Lieutenant Colonel Tobin A. Magsig, Colonel Daniel E. Mouton, Mr. Michael S. Muztafago, Colonel James M. Schultze, Professor John F. Troxell, Lieutenant Colonel Dennis G. Wille.
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This report concludes gray zone competition and conflict will persist as Department of Defense (DoD) pacers for the foreseeable future. It describes trends contributing to the emergence of gray zone challenges, major gray zone archetypes, and their defense implications and finally, specific recommendations for more activist and adaptive DoD responses to persistent gray zone provocation.
Added April 04, 2016
Type: Monograph
Operating in the Gray Zone: An Alternative Paradigm for U.S. Military Strategy. Authored by Dr. Antulio J. Echevarria, II.
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The idea of gray zone wars is not new, but why does the West think it is and why has it struggled to deal with it? How can the West adjust its way of thinking about strategy and war to operate better in the gray zone?
Added March 15, 2016
Type: Monograph
Old and New Insurgency Forms. Authored by Dr. Robert J. Bunker.
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While the study of insurgency extends well over 100 years and has its origins in the guerrilla and small wars of the 19th century and beyond, almost no cross-modal analysis—that is, dedicated insurgency form typology identification—has been conducted. This monograph creates a proposed insurgency typology divided into legacy, contemporary, and emergent and potential insurgency forms, and provides strategic implications for U.S. defense policy as they relate to each of these forms.
Added January 29, 2016
Type: Other
The Army War College Review Vol. 2 No. 1. Edited by Dr. Larry D Miller.
The Army War College Review, a refereed publication of student work, is produced under the purview of the Strategic Studies Institute and the United States Army War College. An electronic quarterly, The AWC Review connects student intellectual work with professionals invested in U.S. national security, Landpower, strategic leadership, global security studies, and the advancement of the profession of arms.
Added January 24, 2016
Type: Monograph
Military Engagement and Forward Presence: Down but Not Out as Tools to Shape and Win. Authored by Dr. John R. Deni.
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Forward military presence and, when employed selectively, military engagement – can promote stability and security and can contribute dramatically to operational capacity and capability across a range of military operations, including major interstate war. Unfortunately, significant cuts to overseas permanent presence and continuing pockets of institutional bias against engagement as a force multiplier and readiness enhancer have combined to limit the leverage possible through these two policy tools.