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Western Europe Studies

Added February 20, 2015
Type: Monograph
Breaking the Nordic Defense Deadlock. Authored by Dr. Stefan Forss, Colonel (Ret.) Pekka Holopainen.
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Finland, Sweden, Norway, and Denmark are urgently considering how best to optimize limited defense resources in the face of a newly assertive Russia. This monograph proposes enhanced defense cooperation, both regionally and with the United States, as a means to ensure the security of U.S. allies in a strategically vital region.
Added November 10, 2014
Type: Book
Stepping Up: Burden Sharing by NATO's Newest Members. Authored by Dr. Joel R. Hillison.
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The burden sharing behavior of new NATO members is compared to that of old NATO members. Are new NATO members burden sharing at a greater rate than older NATO members?
Added September 30, 2013
Type: Monograph
A Transatlantic Bargain for the 21st Century: The United States, Europe, and the Transatlantic Alliance. Authored by Dr. Ellen Hallams.
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In the 21st century, the transatlantic bargain that has framed the relationship between the United States and its NATO allies is under more scrutiny than ever before. The bargain was a Cold War construct suited to its time; what is required now is a transatlantic bargain that generates a new culture of transatlantic partnership between the United States, NATO, and the European Union.
Added May 31, 2013
Type: Letort Papers
Return of the Balkans: Challenges to European Integration and U.S. Disengagement. Authored by Mr. Janusz Bugajski.
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For the first time in modern history, the entire Balkan Peninsula has the opportunity to be included under one security and developmental umbrella combining NATO and the European Union. Unfortunately, this historic vision is being undermined by a plethora of political, social, economic, ethnic, and national disputes and the shortcomings of Western institutions in eliminating potential security challenges.
Added August 01, 2012
Type: Monograph
Against All Odds: Relations between NATO and the MENA Region. Authored by Dr. Florence Gaub.
Whereas NATO had no relationships with the Middle East and North Africa at all until 1994, it has expanded now to an extent where the League of Arab States mandated its Libya mission in 2011. This monograph explains this unlikely development.
Added July 21, 2011
Type: Monograph
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the European Union's Common Security and Defense Policy: Intersecting Trajectories. Authored by Mr. Sarwar A. Kashmeri.
The author concludes that NATO is increasingly dysfunctional. Unless it is grafted in a supporting role to the EU’s Common Security and Defense Policy (CSDP), NATO will soon become irrelevant to transatlantic security needs.
Added July 13, 2011
Type: Monograph
Russia in the Arctic. Edited by Dr. Stephen J. Blank.
The Arctic is the newest sphere of international competition for energy and security access. It pits Russia against the other Arctic states. These essays fully explore and analyze what is at stake here and what Moscow has done to increase its capability and influence in the Arctic.
Added June 30, 2011
Type: Monograph
The European Campaign: Its Origins and Conduct. Authored by Dr. Samuel J. Newland, Dr. Clayton K. S. Chun.
Given the significance of World War II and the interest in the European Campaign, the authors offer a fresh look at the operations involved in winning the war in Europe.
Added October 15, 2010
Type: Monograph
Operation EUFOR TCHAD/RCA and the EU's Common Security and Defense Policy. Authored by Mr. Bjoern H. Seibert.
In the post-September 11, 2001 security environment, the United States faces a complex combination of threats from state to nonstate actors, many with regional or even global reach. Weak and fragile states have become a U.S. security challenge because they provide breeding grounds for terrorism, weapons proliferation, and trafficking in humans and narcotics. How does the U.S. propose to answer this challenge?
Added September 02, 2010
Type: Op-Ed
Candidly, One Friend to Another. Authored by Dr. Antulio J. Echevarria, II.
Each month a member of the SSI faculty writes an editorial for our monthly newsletter. This is the Op-Ed for the September 2010 newsletter.
Added July 14, 2010
Type: Book
The Russian Military Today and Tomorrow: Essays in Memory of Mary Fitzgerald. Edited by Dr. Stephen J. Blank, Dr. Richard Weitz.
The essays in this volume represent both a memorial and an analytical call to action. Mary Fitzgerald of the Hudson Institute was one of the most brilliant and vivacious practitioners of the study of the Russian and Chinese militaries, whose insights helped not just to put those fields of study on the map, but also to influence U.S. military thinking.
Added June 17, 2010
Type: Letort Papers
Endgame for the West in Afghanistan? Explaining the Decline in Support for the War in Afghanistan in the United States, Great Britain, Canada, Australia, France and Germany. Authored by Mr. Charles A. Miller.
Analyses of the War in Afghanistan frequently mention the declining or shaky domestic support for the conflict in the United States and among several U.S. allies. This paper dates the beginning of this decline back to the resurgence of the Taliban in 2005-06 and suggests that the deteriorating course of the war on the ground in Afghanistan itself along with mounting casualties is the key reason behind this drop in domestic support for the war.
Added May 21, 2010
Type: Monograph
Implications of a Changing NATO. Authored by COL Phillip R. Cuccia.
What is the future of NATO and what should be included in the new NATO Strategic Concept due to come out at the end of 2010? This monograph takes a look at these questions and offers a few recommendations.
Added December 23, 2009
Type: Monograph
Medvedev's Plan: Giving Russia a Voice but not a Veto in a New European Security System. Authored by Dr. Richard J. Krickus.
The author revisits Medvedev’s proposal and, while some Western analysts deem the conflicting interests and value gap that separate the West from Russia to be overwhelming, others argue that the time has come to engage Russia in seeking a common security agenda in Europe. The most compelling question confronting those who favor a security partnership with Russia is: How to give Russia a voice but not a veto in a new European security system?
Added November 14, 2007
Type: Colloquium Brief
The Evolution of U.S.-Turkish Relations in a Transatlantic Context. Authored by Dr. W. Andrew Terrill.
The Conference’s opening address, entitled, “Turkey’s Future Course: a European Perspective,” was presented by a German legislator with a special interest in European-Turkish relations. The speaker stated that the future of Turkey is both an external and internal issue for Europe. She asserted that the future of Europe depends on the integration of Turkey into Europe and expressed concern that Turkey was not invited to the March 2007 “Fifty Years of Europe” celebration commemorating the moves toward European unity following the Treaties of Rome. This snub sent the wrong message to the Turks.
Added April 09, 2007
Type: Op-Ed
From Munich to Munich. Authored by Dr. Stephen J. Blank.
Each month a member of the SSI faculty writes an editorial for our monthly newsletter. This is the Op-Ed for the April 2007 newsletter.
Added February 15, 2007
Type: Monograph
Russia and the European Union: The Sources and Limits of "Special Relationships". Authored by Dr. Cynthia A Roberts.
How best to engage an increasingly authoritarian Russia that is neither fully excluded nor embraced by the leading Euro-Atlantic institutions remains a critical unresolved security challenge nearly 20 years since the Cold War’s end. This analysis of the difficult engagement between Russia and the European Union reveals why shallow cooperation and costly standoffs characterize Russia’s troubled partnerships with the West.
Added November 14, 2006
Type: Monograph
The NATO-Russia Partnership: A Marriage of Convenience or a Troubled Relationship? Authored by Dr. Stephen J. Blank.
Since 2002 Russia has embarked upon a relationship of partnership with NATO, but close examination of this partnership shows an enormous amount of Rusisan ambivalence and, indeed, growing resistance to many of NATO’s activities and programs. This growing ambivalence, and even estrangement, reflects both domestic Rusisan trends and the deterioration of East-West security ties.
Added May 08, 2006
Type: Op-Ed
Is Eurasia's Security Order at Risk? Authored by Dr. Stephen J. Blank.
Each month a member of the SSI faculty writes an editorial for our monthly newsletter. This is the Op-Ed for the May 2006 newsletter.
Added January 01, 2006
Type: Book
U.S.-UK Relations at the Start of the 21st Century. Edited by Dr. Jeffrey D. McCausland, Dr. Douglas Stuart.
This monograph explains the relationship between the United States and the United Kingdom (UK), especially its remarkable endurance over the past 6 decades.
Added July 01, 2004
Type: Monograph
Britain's Role in U.S. Missile Defense. Authored by Dr. Jeremy Stocker.
The future shape and effectiveness of U.S. missile defense will depend to some extent on the attitude and participation of America's key ally, Britain. This new monograph traces the history of British attitudes towards missile defense, and examines the UK's current policy on the subject.
Added September 01, 2002
Type: Student (Carlisle) Papers
The Bases of French Peace Operations Doctrine: Problematical Scope of France's Military Engagements within the U.N. or NATO Framework. Authored by Mr. Joseph Philippe Gregoire.
France believes that external threats to its vital and important interests spring more from potential instability on the periphery of Europe than from rival European powers. France has modified its military doctrine to reflect this strategic calculus, and France's conception of peace operations reflects this doctrinal change.
Added March 01, 2000
Type: Monograph
European Security: Washington's Shaping Strategy in Action. Authored by Dr. Stephen J. Blank, Dr. Thomas-Durell Young, Dr. William T. Johnsen.
Notwithstanding the claims of some in the United States, European affairs continue to dominate U.S. foreign policy and strategic thinking. The end of the Cold War has not seen any blurring of the focus of U.S. officials on European affairs. Managing the implications of the break-up of the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact, the seemingly never-ending conflicts in the Balkans, increasing Western norms and institutions in Central and Eastern Europe, and expanding and reforming the North Atlantic Alliance are just some of the issues that require firm and consistent U.S. leadership.
Added August 01, 1999
Type: Book
Mediterranean Security into the Coming Millennium. Edited by Dr. Stephen J. Blank.
The papers included in this volume represent just such an effort to lay a firmer foundation for this continuing dialogue and to bring together different points of view. In October 1998, the Strategic Studies Institute, assisted by Pepperdine University, assembled a distinguished group of analysts from the United States, Europe, and the Middle East, in Florence, Italy.
Added September 01, 1996
Type: Monograph
Finnish Security and European Security Policy. Authored by Dr. Stephen J. Blank.
In 1995 Finland joined the European Union (EU). This action culminated several years of a fundamental reorientation of Finnish security policy as Finland moved from the neutrality imposed on it by the Soviet Union to a policy with a priority on European integration through the European Union. Finland, in joining the EU, has retained its independent defense and security posture, even as it seeks to strengthen its standing abroad and gain added leverage, through the EU, for dealing with Russia.
Added May 01, 1995
Type: Book
The European Union's Common Foreign and Security Policy: Central issues . . . Key Players. Authored by Dr. Fraser Cameron, Prof. Roy Ginsberg, Mr. Josef Janning.
The role of the European Union (EU) as a key international economic player is both highly developed and widely recognized. The Union's profile as an international political actor is much more limited, even though its activities are considerable.
Added May 01, 1995
Type: Monograph
NATO Strategy in the 1990s: Reaping the Peace Dividend or the Whirlwind? Authored by Dr. William T. Johnsen.
The 1991 the Strategic Concept represents NATO's response to the dramatically changed security environment in Europe, and the intense desire to reap the resultant "peace dividend." The Strategic Concept dramatically expands the scope of the Alliance's security objectives and functions, takes NATO "out of area," and lays the foundation for massive forces cuts, as well as for a fundamental restructuring of Alliance military forces and command structures.
Added June 01, 1994
Type: Book
Trends in German Defense Policy: The Defense Policy Guidelines and the Centralization of Operational Control. Authored by Dr. Thomas-Durell Young.
Like most of its NATO allies, the Federal Republic of Germany has undertaken a massive restructuring of its armed forces. The end of the Cold War, the need for unified Germany to assume responsibility for its security, and the current economic recession have made German defense planning extremely difficult.
Added February 01, 1994
Type: Book
Can Europe Survive Maastricht? Authored by Dr. Douglas Stuart.
Professor Douglas Stuart, with the generous support of the Ford Foundation, presents a much needed analysis of the Maastricht Treaty and its effects on Europe. He maintains that the Western European leaders have lost sight of the true meaning and potential value of European integration in recent years.